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  1. Research

    Risk factors for relapse or persistence of bacteraemia caused by Enterobacter spp.: a case–control study

    Enterobacter spp. possess chromosomal AmpC beta-lactamases that may be expressed at high levels. Previous studies have demonstrated a risk of relapsed bacteraemia following therapy wit...

    Patrick N. A. Harris, Anna M. Peri, Anita M. Pelecanos, Carly M. Hughes, David L. Paterson and John K. Ferguson

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:14

    Published on: 21 January 2017

  2. Research

    Genetic markers associated with resistance to beta-lactam and quinolone antimicrobials in non-typhoidal Salmonella isolates from humans and animals in central Ethiopia

    Beta-lactam and quinolone antimicrobials are commonly used for treatment of infections caused by non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) and other pathogens. Resistance to these classes of antimicrobials has increased sig...

    Tadesse Eguale, Josephine Birungi, Daniel Asrat, Moses N. Njahira, Joyce Njuguna, Wondwossen A. Gebreyes, John S. Gunn, Appolinaire Djikeng and Ephrem Engidawork

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:13

    Published on: 17 January 2017

  3. Research

    Implementation of short incubation MALDI-TOF MS identification from positive blood cultures in routine diagnostics and effects on empiric antimicrobial therapy

    Results of blood culture (BC) diagnostics should be swiftly available to guide treatment of critically ill patients. Conventional BC diagnostics usually performs species identification of microorganisms from m...

    Robin Köck, Jörg Wüllenweber, Dagmar Horn, Christian Lanckohr, Karsten Becker and Evgeny A. Idelevich

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:12

    Published on: 14 January 2017

  4. Research

    Behaviour change interventions to influence antimicrobial prescribing: a cross-sectional analysis of reports from UK state-of-the-art scientific conferences

    To improve the quality of antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) interventions the application of behavioural sciences supported by multidisciplinary collaboration has been recommended. We analysed major UK scientifi...

    T. M. Rawson, L. S. P. Moore, A. M. Tivey, A. Tsao, M. Gilchrist, E. Charani and A. H. Holmes

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:11

    Published on: 13 January 2017

  5. Research

    A prospective survey of Pseudomonas aeruginosa colonization and infection in the intensive care unit

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) surveillance may improve empiric antimicrobial therapy, since colonizing strains frequently cause infections. This colonization may be ‘endogenous’ or ‘exog...

    Regev Cohen, Frida Babushkin, Shoshana Cohen, Marina Afraimov, Maurice Shapiro, Martina Uda, Efrat Khabra, Amos Adler, Ronen Ben Ami and Svetlana Paikin

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:7

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  6. Research

    High rates of multidrug resistance among uropathogenic Escherichia coli in children and analyses of ESBL producers from Nepal

    Emergence of Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing Escherichia coli causing urinary tract infections (UTI) among pediatric patients is an increasing problem worldwide. However, very little is known about ped...

    Narayan Prasad Parajuli, Pooja Maharjan, Hridaya Parajuli, Govardhan Joshi, Deliya Paudel, Sujan Sayami and Puspa Raj Khanal

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:9

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  7. Research

    Carriage of antibiotic-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in hospitalised children in tertiary hospitals in Harare, Zimbabwe

    Extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing and gentamicin resistant Enterobacteriaceae are increasingly recognised as a major cause of infection in low-income countries. We assessed the prevalence of gastrointestina...

    Marcelyn T. Magwenzi, Muchaneta Gudza-Mugabe, Hilda A. Mujuru, Mutsa Dangarembizi-Bwakura, Valerie Robertson and Alexander M. Aiken

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:10

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  8. Letter to the Editor

    Effect of handrubbing using locally-manufactured alcohol-based handrubs in paediatric wards in Harare, Zimbabwe

    We assessed bacterial contamination of hands of adults present in paediatric wards in two tertiary-care hospitals in Harare, Zimbabwe and the microbiologic efficacy of locally-manufactured alcohol-based hand r...

    Muchaneta Gudza-Mugabe, Marcelyn T. Magwenzi, Hilda A. Mujuru, Mutsa Bwakura-Dangarembizi, Valerie Robertson and Alexander M. Aiken

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:8

    Published on: 11 January 2017

  9. Guidelines article

    Core components for effective infection prevention and control programmes: new WHO evidence-based recommendations

    Health care-associated infections (HAI) are a major public health problem with a significant impact on morbidity, mortality and quality of life. They represent also an important economic burden to health syste...

    Julie Storr, Anthony Twyman, Walter Zingg, Nizam Damani, Claire Kilpatrick, Jacqui Reilly, Lesley Price, Matthias Egger, M. Lindsay Grayson, Edward Kelley and Benedetta Allegranzi

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:6

    Published on: 10 January 2017

  10. Meeting abstracts

    Abstracts from the 6th Infection Control Africa Network Congress 2016

    Helen Wangai, Felister Kiberenge, Alex Elobu, Josephat Jombwe, Peter Ongom, Dorah Nakamwa, Alexander Aiken, Benedetta Allegranzi, Mpho Sikhosana, Wolgang Preiser, Angela Dramowski, Heather Finlayson, Tonya Esterhuizen, Jehan El Kholy, Mervat Gaber, Dina Mostafa…

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6(Suppl 1):1

    Published on: 10 January 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 6 Supplement 1

  11. Research

    The emergence of carbapenem resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in Malaysia: correlation between microbiological trends with host characteristics and clinical factors

    Carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae is a growing concern worldwide including Malaysia. The emergence of this pathogen is worrying because carbapenem is one of the 'last-line' antibiotics. The main objectiv...

    Ye-Mun Low, Polly Soo-Xi Yap, Kartini Abdul Jabar, Sasheela Ponnampalavanar, Rina Karunakaran, Rukumani Velayuthan, Chun-Wie Chong, Sazaly Abu Bakar, Mohd Yasim Md Yusof and Cindy Shuan-Ju Teh

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:5

    Published on: 7 January 2017

  12. Research

    Shiga (Vero)-toxin producing Escherichia coli isolated from the hospital foods; virulence factors, o-serogroups and antimicrobial resistance properties

    According to the presence of the weak, diabetic and immunosuppressive patients in hospitals, hospital foods should have a high quality and safety. Cooking a lot of foods higher than daily requirement, storage ...

    Reza Ranjbar, Mojtaba Masoudimanesh, Farhad Safarpoor Dehkordi, Nematollah Jonaidi-Jafari and Ebrahim Rahimi

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:4

    Published on: 7 January 2017

  13. Research

    Implementation of the WHO multimodal Hand Hygiene Improvement Strategy in a University Hospital in Central Ethiopia

    The burden of health-care associated infections in low-income countries is high. Adequate hand hygiene is considered the most effective measure to reduce the transmission of nosocomial pathogens. We aimed to a...

    Frieder Pfäfflin, Tafese Beyene Tufa, Million Getachew, Tsehaynesh Nigussie, Andreas Schönfeld, Dieter Häussinger, Torsten Feldt and Nicole Schmidt

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:3

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  14. Research

    Bacterial etiology of bloodstream infections and antimicrobial resistance in Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2005–2014

    Bloodstream infections due to bacterial pathogens are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Bangladesh and other developing countries. In these countries, most patients are treated empirically based on t...

    Dilruba Ahmed, Md Ausrafuggaman Nahid, Abdullah Bashar Sami, Farhana Halim, Nasrin Akter, Tuhin Sadique, Md Sohel Rana, Md Shahriar Bin Elahi and Md Mahbubur Rahman

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:2

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  15. Research

    “If it’s a broad spectrum, it can shoot better”: inappropriate antibiotic prescribing in Cambodia

    Cambodia is affected by antibiotic resistance but interventions to reduce the level of resistance require knowledge of the phenomena that lead to inappropriate prescribing. We interviewed physicians working in...

    Chhorvoin Om, Frances Daily, Erika Vlieghe, James C. McLaughlin and Mary-Louise McLaws

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:58

    Published on: 20 December 2016

  16. Research

    Carriage of ESBL/AmpC-producing or ciprofloxacin non-susceptible Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. in healthy people in Norway

    Asymptomatic carriage has been recognised as an important risk factor for infection caused by antibiotic resistant bacteria. A 14% global prevalence of Extended-Spectrum Beta-lactamase (ESBL) carriage was rece...

    Charlotte R. Ulstad, Margrete Solheim, Sophie Berg, Morten Lindbæk, Ulf R. Dahle and Astrid L. Wester

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:57

    Published on: 15 December 2016

  17. Review

    Daptomycin-induced eosinophilic pneumonia - a systematic review

    Eosinophilic pneumonia comprises a group of lung diseases in which eosinophils appear in increased numbers in the lungs and sometimes in the bloodstream. Several case reports link daptomycin use to this phenom...

    Priyasha Uppal, Kerry L. LaPlante, Melissa M. Gaitanis, Matthew D. Jankowich and Kristina E. Ward

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:55

    Published on: 12 December 2016

  18. Research

    Estimating the morbidity and mortality associated with infections due to multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDRB), France, 2012

    A study based on 2007 data estimated that 386,000 infections due to multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDRB) occurred in Europe that year and 25,000 patients died from these infections. Our objective was to estimat...

    M. Colomb-Cotinat, J. Lacoste, C. Brun-Buisson, V. Jarlier, B. Coignard and S. Vaux

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:56

    Published on: 12 December 2016

  19. Short report

    Role of quality control circle in sustained improvement of hand hygiene compliance: an observational study in a stomatology hospital in Shandong, China

    Hand hygiene is an important element of the WHO multimodal strategy for healthcare-associated infection control, whereas compliance of hand hygiene among healthcare workers (HCWs) remains a challenge to sustai...

    Peng Chen, Ting Yuan, Qinfeng Sun, Lili Jiang, Hongmin Jiang, Zhenkun Zhu, Zexin Tao, Haiyan Wang and Aiqiang Xu

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:54

    Published on: 8 December 2016

  20. Research

    Prolonged outbreak of clonal MDR Pseudomonas aeruginosa on an intensive care unit: contaminated sinks and contamination of ultra-filtrate bags as possible route of transmission?

    We report on an outbreak in a surgical, interdisciplinary intensive care unit (ICU) of a tertiary care hospital. We detected a cluster of ICU patients colonized or infected with multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas ae...

    Florian Salm, Maria Deja, Petra Gastmeier, Axel Kola, Sonja Hansen, Michael Behnke, Désirée Gruhl and Rasmus Leistner

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:53

    Published on: 6 December 2016

  21. Research

    Assessment of extended-spectrum β-lactamases and integrons among Enterobacteriaceae in device-associated infections: multicenter study in north of Iran

    Device-associated nosocomial infections (DA-NIs), due to MDR Enterobacteriaceae, are a major threat to patient safety in ICUs. We investigated on Extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) producing Enterobacteriaceae

    Masoumeh Bagheri-Nesami, Alireza Rafiei, Gohar Eslami, Fatemeh Ahangarkani, Mohammad Sadegh Rezai, Attieh Nikkhah and Azin Hajalibeig

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:52

    Published on: 1 December 2016

  22. Review

    Relationship between hospital ward design and healthcare-associated infection rates: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    The influence of the hospital’s infrastructure on healthcare-associated colonization and infection rates has thus far infrequently been examined. In this review we examine whether healthcare facility design is...

    Andrea Stiller, Florian Salm, Peter Bischoff and Petra Gastmeier

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:51

    Published on: 29 November 2016

  23. Short report

    Emergence of serotype K1 Klebsiella pneumoniae ST23 strains co-producing the plasmid-mediated AmpC beta-lactamase DHA-1 and an extended-spectrum beta-lactamase in Korea

    Serotype K1 Klebsiella pneumoniae has emerged as an important community pathogen causing various infections, including liver abscesses. Although serotype K1 K. pneumoniae community isolates have been reported as ...

    Hae Suk Cheong, Doo Ryeon Chung, Chaeyoeng Lee, So Hyun Kim, Cheol-In Kang, Kyong Ran Peck and Jae-Hoon Song

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:50

    Published on: 28 November 2016

  24. Research

    Comparing the disk-diffusion and agar dilution tests for Neisseria gonorrhoeae antimicrobial susceptibility testing

    We assessed the validity of testing for antimicrobial susceptibility of clinical and mutant Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) isolates by disk diffusion in comparison to agar dilution, and Etest® (bioMerieux, France), r...

    Hsi Liu, Thomas H. Taylor, Kevin Pettus, Steve Johnson, John R. Papp and David Trees

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:46

    Published on: 24 November 2016

  25. Research

    Patterns of medication use and factors associated with antibiotic use among adult fever patients at Singapore primary care clinics

    Antimicrobial resistance is a public health problem of global importance. In Singapore, much focus has been given to antibiotic usage patterns in hospital settings. Data on antibiotic use in primary care is la...

    Zaw Myo Tun, Mahesh Moorthy, Martin Linster, Yvonne C. F. Su, Richard James Coker, Eng Eong Ooi, Jenny Guek-Hong Low, Gavin J. D. Smith and Clarence C. Tam

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:47

    Published on: 24 November 2016

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