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  1. Meeting abstracts

    Abstracts from the 6th Infection Control Africa Network Congress 2016

    Helen Wangai, Felister Kiberenge, Alex Elobu, Josephat Jombwe, Peter Ongom, Dorah Nakamwa, Alexander Aiken, Benedetta Allegranzi, Mpho Sikhosana, Wolgang Preiser, Angela Dramowski, Heather Finlayson, Tonya Esterhuizen, Jehan El Kholy, Mervat Gaber, Dina Mostafa…

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6(Suppl 1):1

    Published on: 10 January 2017

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 6 Supplement 1

  2. Research

    The emergence of carbapenem resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae in Malaysia: correlation between microbiological trends with host characteristics and clinical factors

    Carbapenem resistant Enterobacteriaceae is a growing concern worldwide including Malaysia. The emergence of this pathogen is worrying because carbapenem is one of the 'last-line' antibiotics. The main objectiv...

    Ye-Mun Low, Polly Soo-Xi Yap, Kartini Abdul Jabar, Sasheela Ponnampalavanar, Rina Karunakaran, Rukumani Velayuthan, Chun-Wie Chong, Sazaly Abu Bakar, Mohd Yasim Md Yusof and Cindy Shuan-Ju Teh

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:5

    Published on: 7 January 2017

  3. Research

    Shiga (Vero)-toxin producing Escherichia coli isolated from the hospital foods; virulence factors, o-serogroups and antimicrobial resistance properties

    According to the presence of the weak, diabetic and immunosuppressive patients in hospitals, hospital foods should have a high quality and safety. Cooking a lot of foods higher than daily requirement, storage ...

    Reza Ranjbar, Mojtaba Masoudimanesh, Farhad Safarpoor Dehkordi, Nematollah Jonaidi-Jafari and Ebrahim Rahimi

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:4

    Published on: 7 January 2017

  4. Research

    Implementation of the WHO multimodal Hand Hygiene Improvement Strategy in a University Hospital in Central Ethiopia

    The burden of health-care associated infections in low-income countries is high. Adequate hand hygiene is considered the most effective measure to reduce the transmission of nosocomial pathogens. We aimed to a...

    Frieder Pfäfflin, Tafese Beyene Tufa, Million Getachew, Tsehaynesh Nigussie, Andreas Schönfeld, Dieter Häussinger, Torsten Feldt and Nicole Schmidt

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:3

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  5. Research

    Bacterial etiology of bloodstream infections and antimicrobial resistance in Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2005–2014

    Bloodstream infections due to bacterial pathogens are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Bangladesh and other developing countries. In these countries, most patients are treated empirically based on t...

    Dilruba Ahmed, Md Ausrafuggaman Nahid, Abdullah Bashar Sami, Farhana Halim, Nasrin Akter, Tuhin Sadique, Md Sohel Rana, Md Shahriar Bin Elahi and Md Mahbubur Rahman

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2017 6:2

    Published on: 5 January 2017

  6. Research

    “If it’s a broad spectrum, it can shoot better”: inappropriate antibiotic prescribing in Cambodia

    Cambodia is affected by antibiotic resistance but interventions to reduce the level of resistance require knowledge of the phenomena that lead to inappropriate prescribing. We interviewed physicians working in...

    Chhorvoin Om, Frances Daily, Erika Vlieghe, James C. McLaughlin and Mary-Louise McLaws

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:58

    Published on: 20 December 2016

  7. Research

    Carriage of ESBL/AmpC-producing or ciprofloxacin non-susceptible Escherichia coli and Klebsiella spp. in healthy people in Norway

    Asymptomatic carriage has been recognised as an important risk factor for infection caused by antibiotic resistant bacteria. A 14% global prevalence of Extended-Spectrum Beta-lactamase (ESBL) carriage was rece...

    Charlotte R. Ulstad, Margrete Solheim, Sophie Berg, Morten Lindbæk, Ulf R. Dahle and Astrid L. Wester

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:57

    Published on: 15 December 2016

  8. Review

    Daptomycin-induced eosinophilic pneumonia - a systematic review

    Eosinophilic pneumonia comprises a group of lung diseases in which eosinophils appear in increased numbers in the lungs and sometimes in the bloodstream. Several case reports link daptomycin use to this phenom...

    Priyasha Uppal, Kerry L. LaPlante, Melissa M. Gaitanis, Matthew D. Jankowich and Kristina E. Ward

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:55

    Published on: 12 December 2016

  9. Research

    Estimating the morbidity and mortality associated with infections due to multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDRB), France, 2012

    A study based on 2007 data estimated that 386,000 infections due to multidrug-resistant bacteria (MDRB) occurred in Europe that year and 25,000 patients died from these infections. Our objective was to estimat...

    M. Colomb-Cotinat, J. Lacoste, C. Brun-Buisson, V. Jarlier, B. Coignard and S. Vaux

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:56

    Published on: 12 December 2016

  10. Short report

    Role of quality control circle in sustained improvement of hand hygiene compliance: an observational study in a stomatology hospital in Shandong, China

    Hand hygiene is an important element of the WHO multimodal strategy for healthcare-associated infection control, whereas compliance of hand hygiene among healthcare workers (HCWs) remains a challenge to sustai...

    Peng Chen, Ting Yuan, Qinfeng Sun, Lili Jiang, Hongmin Jiang, Zhenkun Zhu, Zexin Tao, Haiyan Wang and Aiqiang Xu

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:54

    Published on: 8 December 2016

  11. Research

    Prolonged outbreak of clonal MDR Pseudomonas aeruginosa on an intensive care unit: contaminated sinks and contamination of ultra-filtrate bags as possible route of transmission?

    We report on an outbreak in a surgical, interdisciplinary intensive care unit (ICU) of a tertiary care hospital. We detected a cluster of ICU patients colonized or infected with multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas ae...

    Florian Salm, Maria Deja, Petra Gastmeier, Axel Kola, Sonja Hansen, Michael Behnke, Désirée Gruhl and Rasmus Leistner

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:53

    Published on: 6 December 2016

  12. Research

    Assessment of extended-spectrum β-lactamases and integrons among Enterobacteriaceae in device-associated infections: multicenter study in north of Iran

    Device-associated nosocomial infections (DA-NIs), due to MDR Enterobacteriaceae, are a major threat to patient safety in ICUs. We investigated on Extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL) producing Enterobacteriaceae

    Masoumeh Bagheri-Nesami, Alireza Rafiei, Gohar Eslami, Fatemeh Ahangarkani, Mohammad Sadegh Rezai, Attieh Nikkhah and Azin Hajalibeig

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:52

    Published on: 1 December 2016

  13. Review

    Relationship between hospital ward design and healthcare-associated infection rates: a systematic review and meta-analysis

    The influence of the hospital’s infrastructure on healthcare-associated colonization and infection rates has thus far infrequently been examined. In this review we examine whether healthcare facility design is...

    Andrea Stiller, Florian Salm, Peter Bischoff and Petra Gastmeier

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:51

    Published on: 29 November 2016

  14. Short report

    Emergence of serotype K1 Klebsiella pneumoniae ST23 strains co-producing the plasmid-mediated AmpC beta-lactamase DHA-1 and an extended-spectrum beta-lactamase in Korea

    Serotype K1 Klebsiella pneumoniae has emerged as an important community pathogen causing various infections, including liver abscesses. Although serotype K1 K. pneumoniae community isolates have been reported as ...

    Hae Suk Cheong, Doo Ryeon Chung, Chaeyoeng Lee, So Hyun Kim, Cheol-In Kang, Kyong Ran Peck and Jae-Hoon Song

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:50

    Published on: 28 November 2016

  15. Research

    Comparing the disk-diffusion and agar dilution tests for Neisseria gonorrhoeae antimicrobial susceptibility testing

    We assessed the validity of testing for antimicrobial susceptibility of clinical and mutant Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) isolates by disk diffusion in comparison to agar dilution, and Etest® (bioMerieux, France), r...

    Hsi Liu, Thomas H. Taylor, Kevin Pettus, Steve Johnson, John R. Papp and David Trees

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:46

    Published on: 24 November 2016

  16. Research

    Patterns of medication use and factors associated with antibiotic use among adult fever patients at Singapore primary care clinics

    Antimicrobial resistance is a public health problem of global importance. In Singapore, much focus has been given to antibiotic usage patterns in hospital settings. Data on antibiotic use in primary care is la...

    Zaw Myo Tun, Mahesh Moorthy, Martin Linster, Yvonne C. F. Su, Richard James Coker, Eng Eong Ooi, Jenny Guek-Hong Low, Gavin J. D. Smith and Clarence C. Tam

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:47

    Published on: 24 November 2016

  17. Research

    Poor adherence to guidelines for preventing central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI): results of a worldwide survey

    Central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) are a cause of increased morbidity and mortality, and are largely preventable. We documented attitudes and practices in intensive care units (ICUs) in 20...

    Cristina Valencia, Naïma Hammami, Antonella Agodi, Alain Lepape, Eduardo Palencia Herrejon, Stijn Blot, Jean-Louis Vincent and Marie-Laurence Lambert

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:49

    Published on: 22 November 2016

  18. Research

    Epidemiology of Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infections in a teaching hospital: factors related to the carbapenem resistance and patient mortality

    Although Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infections (KP-BSIs) have recently attracted attention due to an alarming raise in morbidity and mortality, there have been few reports on the epidemiology of KP-BSIs in...

    Lijun Tian, Ruoming Tan, Yang Chen, Jingyong Sun, Jialin Liu, Hongping Qu and Xiaoli Wang

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:48

    Published on: 17 November 2016

  19. Research

    Deliberate exposure of humans to chlorine-the aftermath of Ebola in West Africa

    During the recent Ebola outbreak, spraying of the environment and humans, including healthcare workers, with chlorine was wide spread in affected African countries; adverse clinical effects are reported here.

    Shaheen Mehtar, Andre N. H. Bulabula, Haurace Nyandemoh and Steve Jambawai

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:45

    Published on: 14 November 2016

  20. Research

    A pilot study to assess use of fluorescent lotion in patient care simulations to illustrate pathogen dissemination and train personnel in correct use of personal protective equipment

    Simulations using fluorescent tracers can be useful in understanding the spread of pathogens and in devising effective infection control strategies.

    Heba Alhmidi, Sreelatha Koganti, Myreen E. Tomas, Jennifer L. Cadnum, Annette Jencson and Curtis J. Donskey

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:40

    Published on: 20 October 2016

  21. Research

    A mixed methods study to understand patient expectations for antibiotics for an upper respiratory tract infection

    Antimicrobial resistance is a public health challenge supplemented by inappropriate prescribing, especially for an upper respiratory tract infection in primary care. Patient/carer expectations have been identi...

    Christina Gaarslev, Melissa Yee, Georgi Chan, Stephanie Fletcher-Lartey and Rabia Khan

    Antimicrobial Resistance & Infection Control 2016 5:39

    Published on: 20 October 2016

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