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Table 2 Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance in Canada

From: Antimicrobial resistance programs in Canada 1995-2010: a critical evaluation

Program name Funding Focus Assessment
Canadian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Surveillance (CIPARS) http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/cipars-picra PHAC Food borne pathogens Antimicrobial usage Comprehensive Reliance on passive reporting for Salmonella
Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program (CNISP) http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/nois-sinp/survprog_e.html PHAC Nosocomial pathogens (MRSA, VRE, ESBL) Focused on tertiary care
Canadian National Centre for Streptococcus http://www2.provlab.ab.ca/ncs/ncs.htm PHAC Group A streptococci Not representative
Canadian Tuberculosis Laboratory Surveillance System http://www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/publicat/tbdrc01/index.html PHAC M. tuberculosis  
Canadian Bacterial Surveillance Network (CBSN) http://microbiology.mtsinai.on.ca/research/cbsn/default.asp Pharma S. pneumoniae
H. influenzae
Biased sampling Potential COI
Canadian Antibiotic Resistance Alliance (CARA)
http://www.can-r.com
Pharma S. pneumoniae
H. influenzae Miscellaneous
Biased sampling Potential COI
  1. PHAC: Public Health Agency of Canada; COI: Conflict of interest