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Table 2 Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance in Canada

From: Antimicrobial resistance programs in Canada 1995-2010: a critical evaluation

Program name Funding Focus Assessment
Canadian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Surveillance (CIPARS) PHAC Food borne pathogens Antimicrobial usage Comprehensive Reliance on passive reporting for Salmonella
Canadian Nosocomial Infection Surveillance Program (CNISP) PHAC Nosocomial pathogens (MRSA, VRE, ESBL) Focused on tertiary care
Canadian National Centre for Streptococcus PHAC Group A streptococci Not representative
Canadian Tuberculosis Laboratory Surveillance System PHAC M. tuberculosis  
Canadian Bacterial Surveillance Network (CBSN) Pharma S. pneumoniae
H. influenzae
Biased sampling Potential COI
Canadian Antibiotic Resistance Alliance (CARA)
Pharma S. pneumoniae
H. influenzae Miscellaneous
Biased sampling Potential COI
  1. PHAC: Public Health Agency of Canada; COI: Conflict of interest