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Table 2 Basic patient characteristics of 5,586 analyzed VLBW neonates recorded in NEO-KISS between January 2008 and June 2009

From: The impact of staffing on central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infections in preterm neonates – results of nation-wide cohort study in Germany

Parameter N (%) overall Median (IQR)
VLBW neonates 5,586 (100)  
Sex male 2,836 (51)  
Birthweight in g   1,150 (869–1370)
Gestational age in days   205 (190–217)
Patient-days 206,459 33 (23–48)
Cesarean section 4,584 (82)  
Multiple birth 1,735 (31)  
VLBW neonates with ≥ 1 BSI 847 (15)  
CVC-days 50,113 5 (0–14)
  1 CVC-associated BSI 349 (6)  
  2 CVC-associated BSI 28 (1)  
  3 CVC-associated BSI 3 (0)  
VLBW with ≥ 1 CVC-associated LCD BSI 94 (1.68)  
  1 CVC-associated LCD BSI 89 (1.59)  
  2 CVC-associated LCD BSI 4 (0.07)  
  3 CVC-associated LCD BSI 1 (0.02)  
VLBW died before 1,800 g weight or discharge 358 (6)  
Realized staffing percentage   
  Missing 551 (10)  
  Staffing < 95% 1,403 (25)  
  Staffing ≥ 95% 3,632 (65)  
  1. IQR, inter-quartile range. VLBW, very low birthweight. CVC, central venous catheter. PVC, peripheral venous catheter. CPAP, continuous positive airway pressure. BSI, bloodstream infection. LCD, laboratory confirmed diagnosis. Realized staffing percentage, ratio of realized staffing/planned staffing * 100.