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Table 3 VAP prevention: clinical practices, as reported by ICU doctors

From: Prevention of ventilator-associated pneumonia in intensive care units: an international online survey

Clinical practice Weighted estimates for Europe (respondents from 16 countries with >=10 replies) Other respondents (61 countries)
N=1281 N=449
%* 95% CI N % 95% CI
In my ICU, hand hygiene is done with alcohol hand rub, always, or most of the time 95 94 97 395 88 85 91
In my ICU, there are written guidelines for VAP prevention 65 62 69 282 63 58 67
Guidelines developed locally 33 30 36 162 36 32 41
Guidelines developed nationally 31 28 34 117 26 22 30
In my ICU, care for intubated patients includes…        
No ventilatory circuit changes unless specifically indicated 69 66 72 371 83 79 86
Strict hand hygiene using alcohol, especially before managing the airways 83 80 86 364 81 77 85
Systematic daily interruption of sedation and weaning protocol 49 46 53 285 63 59 68
Oral care with chlorhexidine 70 67 73 302 67 63 72
Cuff pressure control at least every 24 hours 83 81 85 347 77 73 81
Head of bed elevation 96 94 97 442 98 97 100
  1. * Absolute numbers are not reported because percentages are weighted estimates.
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