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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of patients undergoing caesarean sections, with and without subsequent surgical site infections

From: Incidence and predictors of surgical site infections following caesarean sections at Bugando Medical Centre, Mwanza, Tanzania

Characteristic n (%)
Age in years  
 <20 30 (8.7)
 20-34 273 (79.1)
 ≥ 35 42 (12.2)
Parity  
 Nulliparous 127 (36.8)
 1-3 180 (52.2)
 ≥4 38 (11.0)
Gestational age in weeks  
 ˂ 37 68 (20.2)
 ≥37 268 (79.8)
Mode of admission  
 Self 289 (83.8)
 Referral 56 (16.2)
Onset of labor  
 Spontaneous 260 (75.4)
 Induced 21 (6.1)
 No labor 64 (18.5
Type of skin incision  
 Vertical 259 (75.1)
 Transverse 86 (24.9)
Type of caesarean section  
 Elective 26 (7.5)
 Emergency 319 (92.5)
Type of skin incision  
 Transverse 86 (24.9)
 Vertical 259 (75.1)
Number of prior caesarean sections  
 0 214 (62.0)
 1 88 (25.5)
 2 31 (9.0)
 3 10 (2.9)
 4 2 (0.6)
HIV status  
 Positive 22 (6.4)
 Negative 218 (63.2)
 Unknown 105 (30.4)
Body mass index (N = 345)  
 Underweight (<18.5) 1 (0.3)
 Normal weight (18.5-24.9) 46 (13.3)
 Overweight (25–29.9) 162 (45.0)
 Obesity ≥30 136 (39.4)