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Table 3 The number of opportunities (n) for hand hygiene in relation to different care procedures and the adherence (%) to hand hygiene guidelines before and after the procedure

From: Hand hygiene and aseptic techniques during routine anesthetic care - observations in the operating room

Type of indication and observed hand hygiene Adherence to HH guidelines n (%)
Opportunities before and after (n) Before After
Administration of intravenous injection, insertion and manipulation of venous or arterial/central lines (n = 470) 16 (3.4) 42 (8.9)
Respiratory care, intubation or laryngeal mask (n = 135) 3 (2.2) 21 (15.6)
Regional anesthesia (n = 41) 1 (2.4) 3 (7.3)
Urinary tract catheterization (n = 11) 1 (9.1) 6 (54.4)
Preparation of intravenous injections and handling sterile products (n = 325)* 12 (3.4) 13 (3.7)
Before and after patient contact (n = 727) 21 (2.8)
Total (n = 2,393) 5.3%
  1. *HH implemented after aseptic task, when not required by guidelines.