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Table 3 Evaluation of skin condition by trained observer

From: Evaluating the tolerability and acceptability of an alcohol-based hand rub – real-life experience with the WHO protocol

Item Skin condition (score) Visit 1 (day 0) Visit 2 (day 3–5) Visit 3 (day 28)
Redness N 46 46 45
  No redness (0) 11 (24%) 16 (35%) 19 (42%)
  Slight redness or blotchy (1) 28 (61%) 25 (54%) 22 (49%)
  Moderate redness (2) 7 (15%) 4 (9%) 4 (9%)
  Strong redness (3) 0 0 0
  Fiery red with oedema (4) 0 1 (2) 0
  Proportion with score < 2* 84.7% 89.1% 91.1%
Scaliness N 46 46 45
  No scales (0) 29 (63%) 28 (61%) 33 (73%)
  Very slight sporadic scales (1) 13 (28%) 16 (35%) 11 (24%)
  Moderate scales (2) 4 (9%) 2 (4%) 1 (2%)
  Considerable scales (3) 0 0 0
  Proportion with score < 2* 91.3% 95.6% 97.7%
Fissures N 46 46 44
  No fissures (0) 30 (65%) 34 (74%) 37 (84%)
  Very fine fissures (1) 14 (30%) 12 (26%) 5 (11%)
  Broad, sporadic or several fissures (2) 2 (4%) 0 2 (5%)
  Widespread cracks with haemorrhage or exudate (3) 0 0 0
  Proportion with score < 2* 95.7% 100% 95.7%
Global score N 45 46 44
  No dry skin or irritations (0) 4 (9%) 8 (17%) 17 (39%)
  Incidental dry skin (1) 25 (56%) 28 (61%) 23 (52%)
  Dry skin and/or redness (2) 13 (29%) 10 (22%) 3 (7%)
  Very dry, whitish rough skin (3) 2 (4%) 0 1 (2%)
  Chappy skin without haemorrhage or exudate (4) 1 (2%) 0 0
  Widespread fissures with haemorrhage or exudate (5) 0 0 0
  Proportion with score < 2* 64.4% 77.8% 90.9%
  1. *WHO benchmark ≥ 75%.