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Table 3 Pediatric ICU Hand hygiene compliance by Moments between 2009 and 2012

From: The first six years of surveillance in pediatric and neonatal intensive care units in Turkey

Year Five Moments % complied [95%CI] (Observed/Total opportunities) Incidence Rate Ratio (IRR), P-value
Moment 1 Before patient contact Moment 2 Before a procedure Moment 3 After procedure/risk of exposure to body fluid Moment 4 After patient contact Moment 5 After contact with patient environment Total Moments
2012 50 [45–55] (231/461) IRR = 2.4, <0.001 48 [40–55] (88/185) IRR = 4.6, <0.001 28 [23–33] (97/345) IRR = 4.2, 0.001 67.5 [63–71] (353/523) IRR = 1.5, 0.008 43 [39–47] (251/585) IRR = 1.6, 0.749 49 [46–51] (1020/2099) IRR = 1.9, <0.001
2011 46 [41–52] (179/385) IRR = 2.2, 0.001 52 [45–58] (124/239) IRR = 5.0, <0.001 39 [34–45] (120/304) IRR = 5.9, <0.001 74 [69.9–78.3] (324/436) IRR = 1.7, 0.001 48 [42–54] (139/291) IRR = 1.4, 0.807 53 [51–56] (886/1655) IRR = 2.4, <0.001
2010 43 [39–47] (315/733) IRR = 2.0, 0.002 46 [42–51] (217/469) IRR = 4.5, <0.001 24 [21–28] (132/541) IRR = 3.7, 0.002 67 [63–71] (467/696) IRR = 1.5, 0.008 43 [42–50] (251/544) IRR = 1 (reference year) 43 [42–45] (1296/2983) IRR = 2.1, <0.001
2009 21 [14–31] (21/99) IRR = 1 (reference year) 10 [4–20] (7/68) IRR = 1 (reference year) 7 [2–14] (6/90) IRR = 1 (reference year) 45 [35–55] (48/107) IRR = 1 (reference year) - 22 [18–27] (82/364) IRR = 1 (reference year)