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Table 2 Effects of an intervention programme on compliance with hand hygiene by occupation and by indications

From: A quasi-experimental study to determine the effects of a multifaceted educational intervention on hand hygiene compliance in a radiography unit

  Pre-test hand hygiene performed (%) Post-test hand hygiene performed (%) Pre-test post-test difference % (95 % CI) p
Total no. of hand hygiene opportunities (Overall Compliance %) 62/214 (29) 125/243 (51) 22 (14–31) <0.01
Opportunities by discipline Radiographer 35/132 (27) 79/154 (51) 25 (14–35) <0.001
Nurse 22/61 (36) 30/61 (49) 13 (4–30) 0.14
HCA 5/21 (24) 16/28 (57) 33 (5–54) 0.01
Opportunities by Indications for hand hygiene Before and after patient contact 28/126 (22) 62/145 (43) 21 (9–31) <0.001
After removing gloves 19/23 (83) 23/25 (92) 9 (−10–30) 0.33
Before invasive procedures 5/12 (42) 5/12 (42) 0 (−35–35) 1.00
After contact with inanimate objects in the immediate vicinity of the patient 8/50 (16) 35/61 (57) 41 (24–55) <0.001
After contact with body fluids or non- intact skin 2/3 (67) 0 (0) NA NA
  1. HCW participation: Radiographers (baseline N = 41; post-test N = 51); Nurses (baseline N = 15; post-test N = 12); HCA (baseline N = 5; post-test N = 5)
  2. HCA Healthcare assistant, NA Not applicable, p = Chi squared test