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Table 1 Descriptive analysis of hand hygiene opportunities and actions among different parameters

From: Role of quality control circle in sustained improvement of hand hygiene compliance: an observational study in a stomatology hospital in Shandong, China

Parameter Opportunity Action Compliance χ 2 P
Total 6681 5869 87.8%   
Professional category
 Dentists 3046 2659 87.3% 51.927 <0.001
 Nurses 3635 3210 88.3%
Gender
 Male 1309 1121 85.6% 2470.883 <0.001
 Female 5372 4748 88.4%
Hand hygiene indicationsa
 1. Before patient contact 1410 1079 76.5% 468.466 <0.005
 2. Before an aseptic task 991 946 95.5% 24.058 <0.005
 3. After body fluid exposure risk 873 833 95.4% 26.836 <0.005
 4. After patient contact 1218 1019 83.7% 169.959 <0.005
 5. After contact with patient surroundings 752 720 95.7% 3.361 >0.05
 6. After removing gloves 1437 1272 88.5% 67.367 <0.005
  1. aAll indications were recommended by the WHO except after removing gloves