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Table 3 Behavior of HCW at moments of non-compliance (n = 2,228 out of n = 2,766 observed moments)

From: Intervening with healthcare workers’ hand hygiene compliance, knowledge, and perception in a limited-resource hospital in Indonesia: a randomized controlled trial study

Behavior Phase Total HCW
Doctors (%) P value Nurses (%) P value Students (%) P value
GA Pre 4/1308 (0.3) 0/168 (0) NA 1/612 (0.2) <0.001 3/528 (0.6) <0.001
Post 70/920 (7.6) 0/120 (0) 41/481 (8.5) 29/319 (9.1)
Glovesa Pre 114/1308 (8.7) 1/168 (0.6) 1.000 67/612 (10.9) 0.046 46/528 (8.7) <0.001
Post 43/920 (4.7) 0/120 (0) 35/481 (7.3) 8/319 (2.5)
No HH Pre 1190/1308 (90.9) 167/168 (99.4) 1.000 544/612 (88.9) 0.024 479/528 (90.7) 0.292
Post 807/920 (87.7) 120/120 (100.0) 405/481 (84.2) 282/319 (88.4)
  1. Abbreviations: HCW healthcare workers, HH hand hygiene, GA gloves and alcohol (using an alcohol based hand rub while wearing gloves), Pre pre-intervention, Post post-intervention
  2. aWearing gloves when it was not necessary