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Table 4 Prescribing indicators at the selected wards in the Bahawal Victoria Hospital (n = 1,000) (Indicators 6–10, 13, 14)

From: Investigation of antimicrobial use at a tertiary care hospital in Southern Punjab, Pakistan using WHO methodology

Hospital Wards Prescribing indicators
Percent of hospitalizations with one or more AMs Average AMs per hospitalization in which AMs were prescribed (SD) Percent of AMs prescribed from FL/EML Average cost (USD) of AMs prescribed per hospitalization in which AMs were prescribed (SD) Average duration of prescribed AMs treatment days (SD) Percent of pneumonia patients who received AMs Percent of patients who received AMs for Pneumonia in accordance with clinical guidelinesa Percent of AMs prescribed by INN
1. CDU 91 1.2 (0.4) 100 4.6 (8.7) 5.4 (2.7) 14 0 41.6
2. ENT 89 1.3 (0.6) 100 3.2 (2.3) 5 (2.7) 0 - 78.6
3. Gynecology 91 2 (0) 100 9.5 (5.6) 6 (3.6) 0 - 50
4. Medical 1 89 1.3 (0.6) 98.9 5.8 (6.2) 5 (3.4) 8 0 20.5
5. Medical 2 91 1.3 (0.5) 100 6.7 (9.4) 5.4 (3.8) 6 0 18.5
6. Nephrology 63 1.3 (0.5) 100 7.2 (10.2) 7 (2.1) 0 - 62.7
7. Orthopedics 65 1.5 (0.7) 100 3.4 (3.5) 2.6 (1.3) 0 - 65.7
8. Surgical 4 95 1.4 (0.7) 100 6.9 (5.5) 5.8 (3.3) 0 - 8
9. Skin 63 1.3 (0.6) 100 2.4 (3.7) 5.5 (2.6) 0 - 12.1
10. Urology 86 1.3 (0.5) 100 3.6 (3.2) 6.3 (3.3) 0 - 55.6
Mean (SD)/Percentage 82.3 1.4 (0.6) 99.9 5.4 (6.7) 5.4 (3.2) 0.03 0 52.5
ANOVA ----- p < 0.0051 ----- p < 0.0051 p < 0.0051 ------ ------ -----
  1. AMs Antimicrobials, FL/EML Formulary list/essential medicines list, USD United States Dollars, INN International non-proprietary name, CDU Chest Disease Unit, ENT Ear Nose Throat
  2. aInfectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society Consensus Guidelines on the Management of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Adults (https://www.thoracic.org/statements/resources/mtpi/idsaats-cap.pdf)
  3. 1Bonferroni correction results are included in Additional file 2