Skip to main content

Table 2 Type of illness reported, anti-microbial drug received and its mechanism among customers in drug retailer outlets in Central Zone, Tigray, Ethiopia, 2016

From: Non-prescribed antimicrobial use and associated factors among customers in drug retail outlet in Central Zone of Tigray, northern Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Illness and antimicrobial Antimicrobial use
Prescribed
n (%)
Non-prescribed
n (%)
Total,
n (%)
Illnessa
 Respiratory system disease 158 (38.3) 137 (37.3) 295 (37.8)
 Gastrointestinal system disease 94 (22.8) 93 (25.3) 187 (24)
 Sexual transmitted disease 39 (9.4) 7 (1.9) 46 (6)
 Eye disease 31 (7.5) 40 (10.9) 71 (9.2)
 Ear disease 12 (2.9) 15 (4.1) 27 (3.4)
 Headache 5 (1.2) 7 (1.9) 12 (1.5)
 Skin disease, wound 50 (12.1) 40 (10.9) 90 (11.5)
 Menstruation and related disease 8 (1.9) 2 (0.5) 10 (1.2)
 Malaria 16 (3.9) 26 (7.1) 42 (5.4)
Group of illnesses
 Systemic infection 320 (77.5) 272 (74.1) 592 (76)
 Topical infection 50 (12.1) 40 (10.9) 90 (11.5)
 Eye/Ear infection 43 (10.4) 55 (15) 98 (12.5)
Duration of illness
  ≤ 1 month 381 (92.3) 333 (90.7) 714 (91.5)
  > 1 month 32 (7.7) 34 (9.3) 66 (8.5)
Antimicrobial drugs received
 Systemic antibiotic 294 (71.2) 237 (64.6) 531 (68)
 Topical antibiotic 19 (4.6) 20 (5.4) 39 (5)
 Ophthalmic/Otic antibiotic 38 (9.2) 43 (11.7) 81 (10.4)
 Systemic antifungal 5 (1.2) 7 (1.9) 12 (1.5)
 Topical antifungal 3 (0.7) 2 (0.5) 5 (0.6)
 Anti-protozoan 44 (10.7) 41 (11.2) 85 (11)
 Anti-helmethics 10 (2.4) 17 (4.6) 27 (3.5)
Mechanism of antimicrobial receiving
 Provision of prescription 408 (98.8) 5 (1.4) 413 (53)
 Naming/Providing drugs/Derivatives/Container/Shape 3 (0.7) 156 (42.5) 159 (20.4)
 Telling sign and symptoms or Provision of written piece of paperb 2 (0.5) 206 (56.1) 208 (26.6)
  1. Illnessa was diagnosed clinically on subjective basis
  2. Written piece of paperb: Unsigned paper given by any individual who have some knowledge regarding the medicines