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Table 4 Comparison of HH compliance before and after intervention of HCWs by indication

From: Implementation of WHO multimodal strategy for improvement of hand hygiene: a quasi-experimental study in a Traditional Chinese Medicine hospital in Xi’an, China

  HH compliance before intervention (%) HH compliance after intervention (%) χ2 P
Before touching a patient 263/489 (53.78) 766/944 (81.14) 119.121 <0.001
After touching a patient 374/489 (76.48) 737/897 (82.16) 6.420 0.011
If moving from a contaminated body site to a clean body site during patient care 15/49 (30.61) 134/224 (59.82) 13.837 <0.001
After body fluid exposure risk 65/84 (77.38) 172/209 (82.30) 0.937 0.333
Before clean/aseptic procedures 160/254 (62.99) 460/552 (83.33) 40.547 <0.001
After touching patient surroundings 150/190 (78.95) 339/415 (81.69) 0.631 0.427
After removing gloves 83/120 (69.17) 105/128 (82.03) 5.589 0.018