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Table 1 Phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolated from retail food and contact surfaces in Singapore. MLST multi locus sequence typing, spa staphylococcal protein A, pvl panton-valentine leukocidin, se staphylococcal enterotoxin, et exfoliative toxin, tsst-1 toxic shock syndrome toxin-1, AMC amoxycillin-clavulanic acid, AMP ampicillin, FOX cefoxitin, CRO Ceftriaxone, P penicillin, AK amikacin, AZM azithromycin, CIP ciprofloxacin, C chloramphenicol, CN gentamicin, NOR norfloxacin, TE tetracycline, SXT trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole

From: Prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in retail food in Singapore

Food stall Year of isolation Source Molecular typing pvl gene Staphylocooccal enterotoxin genes Exfoliative toxin genes tsst -1 Beta lactams Non beta lactams
MLST spa SCCmec sea seb sec sed see seg seh sei sej sek sel sem seo sep eta etb etd   AMC AMP FOX CRO P AK AZM CIP C CN NOR TE SXT
A 2011 Sliced Onion ST80 t1198 IV - - + - - - - - - - + - - - - - - + - R R R R R S R S S S S S S
A 2011 Prawn fritters ST80 t1198 IV - - + - - - - - - - + - - - - - - + - R R R R R S R S S S S S S
A 2011 Fried egg ST80 t1198 IV - - + - - - - - - - + - - - - - - + - R R R R R S R S S S S S S
B 2013 Gloves (inner surface) ST6 t304 IV - + - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - R R R R R S S S S S S S S
B 2013 Glove (outer surface) ST6 t304 IV - + - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - R R R R R S S S S S S S S