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Table 3 Patient characteristics associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and healthcare associated infections (HAIs)

From: Alcohol-based hand rub and incidence of healthcare associated infections in a rural regional referral and teaching hospital in Uganda (‘WardGel’ study)

  Hazard ratio (HR) of SIRS/HAI (95% CI, p value) Adjusted HR (95% CI, p value)
Pediatrics or Surgery (n = 1740) OBGYN (n = 1595)
Alcohol based hand gel provision and hand hygiene promotion (intervention) 1.10 (0.83-1.48, 0.50) 0.26 (0.15-0.45, <0.01) 3.10 (1.98-4.84, <0.01)
Adult 1.64 (1.22-2.20, <0.01)   a
Female 2.11 (1.49-3.00, <0.01) 1.43 (0.93-2.20, 0.11) a
Age among adult patients, y 0.99 (0.98-1.01, 0.24)   
Age among pediatric patients, y 1.02 (0.97-1.06, 0.47)   
Pediatrics/Surgery (vs. OBGYN) 0.40 (0.30-0.54, <0.01) a a
Living in rural region 1.01 (0.70–1.46, 0.94)   
Education – none (adult patients only) 0.93 (0.63-1.35, 0.69)   
Surgery performed prior to SIRS/HAI 1.80 (1.34-2.41, <0.01) 0.57 (0.31-1.04, 0.07) 1.42 (0.75-3.00, 0.28)
Antibiotic used prior to SIRS/HAI 1.85 (1.05–3.25, 0.03)   4.99 (1.47-16.98, 0.01)
Urinary catheter used prior to SIRS/HAI 2.63 (1.96-3.53, <0.01)   
Mechanical ventilation used prior to SIRS/HAI 1.59 (1.09-2.34, 0.02)   1.53 (0.97-2.42, 0.07)
  1. aVariables were not used because they were completely discrete in the models