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Table 4 Clinical outcomes associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and healthcare associated infections (HAIs)

From: Alcohol-based hand rub and incidence of healthcare associated infections in a rural regional referral and teaching hospital in Uganda (‘WardGel’ study)

  All n (%) (N = 3335) SIRS/HAI n (%) (N = 182) No SIRS/HAI n (%) (N = 3153) Relative risk (RR) (95% CI, p value) or p value of t-test
Hospital mortality 20 (0.6) 8 (4.4) 12 (0.4) 11.55 (4.78-27.93, <0.01)
Left against medical advice 395 (11.8) 17 (9.3) 378 (12.0) 0.78 (0.49-1.24, 0.28)
Mean length of stay, (SD), d 2.7 (3.0) 6.3 (6.7) 2.5 (2.5) <0.01
Mean length of antibiotic use, (SD), d (n = 2286) 2.4 (2.6) 4.5 (5.6) 2.2 (2.1) <0.01