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Table 2 The distribution of enteric bacterial pathogens in relation to CD4+ T cell count, diarrhea status and treatment status in HIV- infected individuals at HUCSH, 2016

From: The common enteric bacterial pathogens and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern among HIV-infected individuals attending the antiretroviral therapy clinic of Hawassa university hospital, southern Ethiopia

Characteristics Number (%) tested (n = 215) Number (%) positive for enteric bacteria (n = 27) Crude odds ratio (95% CI)
CD4+ T cell count
 ≤ 350 cells/mm3 88 (40.9) 12 (13.6) 1.18 (0.52–2.66)
 > 350 cells/mm3 127 (59.1) 15 (11.8) 1
Diarrhea status
 Diarrhea 102 (47.4) 21 (20.5) 4.62 (1.78–11.98)a
 No-diarrhea 113 (52.6) 6 (5.3) 1
ART status
 Not taking HAART 82 (38.1) 11 (13.4) 0.99 (0.44–2.22)
 Taking HAART 133 (61.9) 18 (13.5) 1
SXT prophylaxis
 Not-taking 135 (62.8) 18 (13.3) 1.21 (0.52–2.85)
 Taking 80 (37.2) 9 (11.3) 1
  1. astatistically significant
  2. SXT, cotrimoxazole; HAART, highly active anti-retroviral therapy; CD, cluster of differentiation; CI, confidence interval