Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 4 Results of logistic regression analysis of potential risk factors associated with prevalence of UTI in pregnant women in Ambo Hospital, Ambo and Awaro Health Centers

From: Urinary pathogenic bacterial profile, antibiogram of isolates and associated risk factors among pregnant women in Ambo town, Central Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study

Variables Category Univariable Multivariable
OR (95% CI) p-value OR (95% CI) p-value
Age in years 15–24 2.07(0.14, 1.68) 0.25 1.86 (0.12, 2.44) 0.42
25–34 1.94(0.15, 1.81) 0.30 1.51 (0.15, 2.96) 0.59
35–44 1.00   1.00  
Level education Illiterate 1.00    
Primary 1.04 (0.41, 2.25) 0.93   
Secondary 1.03 (0.39, 2.43) 0.95   
Tertiary 1.18 (0.34, 2.11) 0.72   
Income level <500 4.52 (1.01, 20.22) 0.049 4.78 (1.03, 22.21) 0.046
501–1000 2.81 (0.61, 12.97) 0.19 2.72 (0.56, 13.27) 0.22
1001–1500 1.00 (0.12, 6.44) 1.00 1.06 (0.16, 7.00) 0.96
1501–2000 1.83 (0.05, 6.44) 0.63 0.67 (0.06, 8.27) 0.76
>2001 1.00   1.00  
Residency Periurban 1.00   1.00  
Rural 2.68 (0.15, 0.90) 0.029 2.18 (0.18, 1.20) 0.11
Religion Orthodox 1.00   1.79 (0.16, 2.03) 0.38
Pregnancy category Primiparous 1.00   
Multiparous 1.07 (0.60, 1.92) 0.82   
Employment Employed 1.00    
Unemployed 1.25 (0.67, 2.34) 0.49   
Eat Raw Meat Yes 1.84 (1.02, 3.30) 0.042 2.04 (1.09, 3.83) 0.026
No 1.00   1.00  
Vegetable Eat Yes 0.65 (0.35, 1.21) 0.18 1.38 (0.37, 1.43) 0.35
No 1.00   1.00  
Drink Raw Milk Yes 1.04 (0.54, 2.04) 0.90   
No 1.00    
Drink Raw Milk Yes 1.04 (0.54, 2.04) 0.90   
No 1.00    
Water Source Others 1.00   1.00  
Spring water 4.62 (0.81, 26.45) 0.09 3.85 (0.61, 24.38) 0.15
Tap water 2.28 (0.51, 10.06) 0.28 2.49 (0.47, 13.31) 0.29
Washing Habit Yes 1.29 (0.43, 3.90) 0.65   
No 1.00    
UTI History Yes 2.04 (1.08, 3.86) 0.028 2.29 (1.15, 4.56) 0.019
No 1.00   1.00  
UTI symptom Yes 1.02 (0.53, 1.81) 0.94   
No 1.00    
  1. OR odd ratio, CI confidence interval, Others River water, Wells water