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Table 2 Microbiological results of the screened latrines (n = 70)

From: High prevalence of ESBL-Producing E. coli in private and shared latrines in an informal urban settlement in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

ESBL-producing bacteria total (n, %) 17 24.3%
 ESBL E. coli 16  
 ESBL K. pneumoniae 1  
Screening sites positive (n, %) 17  
 Footrests 12 70.6%
 Door handles ± footrests 5 29.4%
Antibiotics resistant/intermediatea (n, %)
 Ampicillin 17 100%
 Amoxicillin/Clavulanic acid 16 94.1%
 Piperacillin/Tazobactam 4 23.5%
 Cefoxitin 11 64.7%
 Ceftazidime 16 94.1%
 Ceftriaxone 17 100%
 Cefepime 16 94.1%
 Ertapenem 0 0%
 Meropenem 0 0%
 Ciprofloxacin 16 94.1%
 Tobramycin 15 88.2%
 Amikacin 6 35.3%
 Trimethoprim/Sulfamethoxazole 14 82.4%
 Nitrofurantoin 1 5.9%
 Fosfomycin 0 0%
 Colistin 0 0%
ESBL types (n, %) 17  
 CTX-M-1 group 13 76.5%
 CTX-M-9 group 1 5.9%
 Other than CTX-M-1/9 group 3 17.6%
  1. ESBL extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing microorganisms
  2. aInterpretation according to EUCAST breakpoints version 5.0 (2015)