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Table 1 Prevalence rates of antibiotic use across departments/units

From: Antibiotic use in a tertiary healthcare facility in Ghana: a point prevalence survey

Department Patients on antibiotics Antibiotic prescriptions
  Number % prevalence [95% CI] Parenteral Oral Total % prevalence [95% CI]
Obstetrics (n = 214) 77 36.0 [29.5-42.8] 46 (33.8) 90 (66.2) 136 16.5[13.8-19.5]
Child Health (n = 111) 77 69.4 [59.9-77.8] 120 (85.1) 21(14.9) 141 22.5[19.5-25.9]
Medicine (n = 106) 53 50.0 [40.1-59.9] 65 (64.4) 36 (35.6) 101 16.5[13.8-19.5]
Orthopaedics (n = 84) 48 57.1 [45.9-67.9] 26 (35.6) 47 (64..4) 73 13.3[10.4-16.2
General Surgery (n = 55) 33 56.9 [43.2-69.8] 28 (58.9) 24 (46.2) 52 8.6[8.7-11.4]
Paediatric Surgery (n = 22) 20 90.9 [70.8-98.9] 32 (84.2) 6 (15.8) 38 5.8[4.2-8.6]
Gynaecology (n = 38) 17 44.7 [28.6-61.7] 17 (53.7) 13(43.3) 30 4.5[3.1-6.4]
Neuro-surgery (n = 23) 12 52.2 [30.6-73.2] 21 (87.5) 3 (12.5) 24 3.6[2.4-53.8]
Urology (n = 24) 11 45.8 [29.8-74.3] 11 (68.8) 5 (31.2) 16 2.3[1.4-3.8]
All departments (n-677) 348 51.4 [47.6-55.2] 366 (59.9)b 245(40.1)a 611  
  1. Prevalence was determined by dividing the number of inpatients on antibiotics at the time of survey by the total of patients on admission; CI, confidence interval; b > a at p < 0.05