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Table 2 Proportion of prescribed antibiotics (ATC level 5) by Departments/units

From: Antibiotic use in a tertiary healthcare facility in Ghana: a point prevalence survey

Drug name (generic)   Department/Unit
Total Child Health Medicine Obstetrics Gynaecology Orthopaedics General Surgery Neuro-surgery Urology Paediatric Surgery
  n, % n, %1 n, % n, % n, % n, % n, %1 n, %1 n, %1
Metronidazole 107 (17.5) 4 (2.8) 13 (12.9) 54 (39.7) 9 (30.0) 3(4.1) 9 (17.3) 4 (16.7) 2 (12.5) 9 (23.7)
Amoxicillin- clavulanic acid 82 (13.4) 1 (0.7) 7 (6.9) 48 (35.3) 8 (26.7) 1 (1.4) 12 (23.1) 2 (8.3) 1 (6.3) 2 (5.3)
Ceftriaxone 74 (12.1) 20 (14.2) 27 (26.7) 4 (2.9) 4 (13.3) 1 (1.4) 2 (3.9) 7 (29.2) 1 (6.3) 8 (21.1)
Cefuroxime 61 (10.0) 6 (4.3) 2 (2.0) 13 (9.6) 5 (16.7) 28 (38.4) 5 (9.6) 1 (4.2) 1 (2.6)
Cloxacillin 52 (8.5) 28 (19.9) 10 (9.9) 1 (0.7) 5 (6.9) 6 (25.0) 2 (5.3)
Clindamycin 49 (8.0) 10 (7.1) 3 (2.9) 4 (2.9) 1 (3.3) 25 (30.1) 7 (13.5) 1 (4.2) 1 (6.3)
Gentamicin 46 (7.5) 30 (21.3) 3 (2.9) 2 (1.5) 1 (3.3) 1 (1.4) 2 (3.9) 1 (4.2) 6 (15.8)
Ciprofloxacillin 39 (6.4) 6 (4.3) 7 (6.9) 1 (3.3) 9 (12.3) 8 (15.4) 1 (4.2) 5 (31.3) 2 (5.3)
Azithromycin 21 (3.4) 13 (12.9) 5 (3.9) 1 (3.3) 1 (1.4) 1 (6.3)
Co-trimoxazole 14 (2.3) 7 (5.0) 7 (6.9)  
Meropenem 12 (2.0) 2 (1.4) 1 (1.0) 2 (3.9) 4 (25.0) 3 (7.9)
Amikacin 8 (1.3) 7(5.0) Q -a
Ampicillin 10 (1.6) 7 (5.0) 3 (7.9)
Crystal penicillin 7 (1.2) 6 (4.3) 1 (1.0)
Cefotaxime 6 (1.0) 6 (4.3)
Levofloxacin 5 (0.8) 3 (3.0) 1 (1.4) 1 (1.9)
Erythromycin 5 (0.8) 1 (1.0) 4 (2.9)
Clarithromycin 3 (0.5) 3 (5.7)
Nitrofuratoin 2 (0.3) 1 (1.4) 1 (6.3)
Ceftazidine 2 (0.3) 1 (1.0) 1 (2.6)
Amoxicillin 1 (0.2) 1 (1.9)
Cefixime 1 (0.2) 1 (0.7)
Doxycycline 1 (0.2) 1 (1.0)
Cefpodoxime 1 (0.2) 1 (2.6)
Nalidixic acid 1 (0.2) 1 (0.7)
Vancomycin 1 (0.2) 1 (1.0)
Total 611 141 101 136 30 73 52 24 16 38
  1. ATC, Anatomic therapeutic classification; n=number; %, prevalence