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Table 3 Proportion of prescribed antibiotics (ATC level 5) by indication

From: Antibiotic use in a tertiary healthcare facility in Ghana: a point prevalence survey

Drug name (generic) Total, % Community acquired Hospital acquired Surgical prophylaxis Medical prophylaxis
  n, % n, % n, % n, %
Metronidazole 107 (17.5) 22 (9.0) 16 (12.5) 66 (32.2) 3 (9.1)
Amoxicillin- clavulanic acid 82 (13.4) 18 (7.4) 9 (7.0) 53 (25.9) 2 (13.4)
Ceftriaxone 74 (12.1) 44 (18.0) 16 (12.5) 13 (6.3) 1 (3.0)
Cefuroxime 61 (10.0) 24 (9.8) 7 (5.5) 28 (13.7) 2 (6.1)
Cloxacillin 52 (8.5) 26 (10.6) 15 (11.7) 8 (3.9) 3 (9.1)
Clindamycin 49 (8.0) 21 (8.6) 13 (10.2) 15 (7.3
Gentamicin 46 (7.5) 26 (10.6) 13 (10.2) 5 (2.4) 2 (6.1)
Ciprofloxaciin 39 (6.4) 17 (6.9) 14 (10.9) 8 (3.9)
Azithromycin 21 (3.4) 16 (6.5) 3 (2.3) 2 (1.0)
Co-trimoxazole 14 (2.3) 3 (1.2) 1 (0.8) 10 (30.3)
Meropenem 12 (2.0) 2 (0.8) 9 (7.0) 1 (0.5)
Amikacin 8 (1.3) 3 (1.2) 3 (2.3) 2 (6.1)
Ampicillin 10 (1.6) 7 (2.9) 2 (1.0) 1 (3.0)
Crystal penicillin 7 (1.2) 2 (0.8) 2 (1.6) 3 (9.1)
Cefotaxime 6 (1.0) 5 (2.0) 1 (0.8)
Levofloxacin 5 (0.8) 1 (0.4) 3 (2.3) 1 (0.5)
Erythromycin 5 (0.8) 2 (0.8) 3 (9.1)
Clarithromycin 3 (0.5) 2 (0.8) 1 (0.5)
Nitrofuratoin 2 (0.3) 1 (0.8) 1 (0.5)
Ceftazidine 2 (0.3) 2 (1.6)
Amoxicillin 1 (0.2) 1 (0.4)
Cefixime 1 (0.2) 1 (0.5)
Doxycycline 1 (0.2) 1 (0.4)
Cefpodoxime 1 (0.2) 1 (0.8)
Nalidixic acid 1 (0.2) 1 (0.4)
Vancomycin 1 (0.2) 1 (0.4)
Total 611(100) 245 128 205 33
  1. ATC, Anatomic therapeutic classification, n number; %, prevalence