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Table 1 Distribution of Articles reviewed regarding ESBL-producing clinical isolates in different regions of Pakistan

From: Prevalence of extended-spectrum-β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae: first systematic meta-analysis report from Pakistan

  Publication Year Study Year Authors Sample size ESBL positive Phenotypic Detection Tests Molecular detection tests
aDDST bCDST cE-Test dMIC Types of Genes detected Most Prevalent
Punjab
 1 2002 2002 Shah et al., [76] 378 58 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 2 2003 2002–2003 Shah et al., [77] 400 87 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 3 2004 2002 Ali et al., [47] 812 366 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 4 2006 2006 Mirza et al., [66] 59 4 YES YES YES YES NONE NA
 5 2007 2004–2006 Mumtaz et al., [78] 46 15 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 6 2007 2005 Anwar et al., [12] 324 142 YES No NO NO NONE NA
 7 2009 2006 Amin et al., [15] 200 40 YES NO NO YES NONE NA
 8 2009 2007–2008 Hafeez et al., [6] 3099 1094 YES No NO NO NONE NA
 9 2009 2006–2007 Ullah et al., [20] 392 106 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 10 2010 2002–2007 Khan et al., [79] 200 175 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 11 2012 2007–2008 Riaz et al., [22] 1018 300 YES YES NO NO NONE NA
 12 2011 Riaz et al., [8] 1018 300 YES YES YES NO NONE NA
 13 2011 2009–2010 Ejaz et al., [11] 13,638 698 YES No NO NO NONE NA
 14 2011 2010 Hussain et al., [45] 121 78 YES NO NO NO AmpC, Class A β-lactamases CTX-M
 15 2011 2008–2009 Roshan et al., [80] 308 308 YES YES NO NO NONE NA
 16 2011 Hassan et al., [81] 100 64 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 17 2012 2006–2009 Mehmod et al., [58] 4200 408 NO NO NO NO AmpCs NA
 18 2013 2005,2010 Habeeb et al., [82] 173 82 YES YES NO NO NONE NA
 19 2013 2011 Begum et al., [48] 91 91 YES YES NO YES NONE NA
 20 2013 2010–2012 Ejaz et al., [9] 710 214 YES YES NO NO NONE NA
 21 2013 2011–2012 Amin et al., [10] 221 33 YES YES NO NO NONE NA
 22 2013 2012 Qureshi et al., [13] 672 103 NO YES NO NO NONE NA
 23 2013 2009 Hanan et al., [44] 103 71 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 24 2013 2009–2010 Khalid et al., [83] 824 364 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 25 2013 2009–2010 Habeeb et al., [16] 25 25 YES NO NO NO TEM,SHV,OXA,CTX-M TEM
 26 2013 2011 Day et al., [69] 1140 300 YES NO NO NO CTX-M, SHV CTXM
 27 2013 2008 Shafiq et al., [18] 1328 511 NO NO NO YES NONE NA
 28 2014 Sabir et al., [84] 500 271 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 29 2014 2011–2013 Kausar et al., [46] 225 121 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 30 2014 2011–2013 Saboor et al., [85] 3851 2707 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 31 2015 2012–2014 Sohail et al., [86] 1429 382 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 32 2015 Khan et al., [14] 2400 381 NO NO YES NO NONE NA
 33 2015 Riaz et al., [7] 1018 815 YES YES YES NO TEM, SHV, OXA OXA
 34 2015 Ahmed et al., [87] 1362 484 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 35 2016 2015–2016 Ali et al., [17] 250 148 YES NO NO YES Qnrgenes qnrB
 36 2016 2014 Jamil et al., [88] 46 17 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 37 2016 2005 Anwar et al., [89] 121 46 YES YES NO NO NONE NA
KhyberPakhtunkhawa
 38 2009 2005–2006 Ullah et al., [20] 342 66 YES YES NO NO NONE NA
 39 2009 2006–2007 Ullah et al., [49] 92 54 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 40 2011 2009 Mumtaz et al., [90] 4150 371 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 41 2013 2013 Bari et al., [21] 1037 495 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 42 2014 2012 Ilyas et al., [19] 195 50 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 43 2014 2013 Bari et al., [21] 1037 443 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 44 2014 Iqbal et al., [91] 4010 379 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 45 2016 2013–2014 Rahman et al., [50] 355 157 YES NO NO YES TEM-1, CTX-M 1 CTX-M 1
 46 2016 2010–2014 Ahmed et al., [59] 3450 138 YES YES NO NO NONE NA
Sindh
 47 2003 2002 Jabeen et l., [92] 471 140 YES YES NO NO NONE NA
 48 2005 2002 Jabeen et l., [93] 2840 1137 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 49 2009 Ahmed et al., [94] 500 40 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 50 2010 2007–2008 Khan et al., [79] 65 65 YES NO YES NO NONE NA
 51 2010 1990–2006 Jabeen et al., [95] 1967 120 NO NO NO YES NONE NA
 52 2010 2002–2007 Khan et al., [96] 15,914 5016 NO YES NO NO NONE NA
 53 2011 2008 Afridi et al., [97] 4492 190 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
 54 2011 Hassan et al., [98] 100 54 NO YES NO YES NONE NA
 55 2012 2008 Afridi et al., [99] 190 190 YES NO NO NO NONE NA
  1. NA (Not applied)
  2. aDDST (Double Disc Synergy Test)
  3. bCDST (Combination Disc Test)
  4. cE-Test (Epsilometric Test)
  5. dMIC(Minimum Inhibitory Concentration)