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Table 2 Proportion estimates of ESBLs in different regions of Pakistan

From: Prevalence of extended-spectrum-β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae: first systematic meta-analysis report from Pakistan

Study ES [95% Conf. Interval] % Weight
Punjab, Lahore
 Anwar et al., 2007 [12] 0.44 0.38 0.49 1.83
 Hafeez et al., 2009 [6] 0.35 0.34 0.37 1.85
 Amin et al., 2009 [15] 0.15 0.11 0.20 1.82
 Riaz et al., 2011 [8] 0.29 0.27 0.32 1.84
 Ejaz et al., 2011 [11] 0.05 0.05 0.06 1.85
 Riaz et al., 2012 [22] 0.29 0.27 0.32 1.84
 Mehmod et al., 2012 [58] 0.10 0.09 0.11 1.85
 Ejaz et al., 2013 [9] 0.30 0.27 0.34 1.84
 Qureshi et al., 2013 [13] 0.15 0.13 0.18 1.84
 Hanan et al., 2013 [44] 0.69 0.59 0.78 1.79
 Sabir et al., 2014 [84] 0.54 0.50 0.59 1.84
 Sohail et al., 2015 [86] 0.27 0.24 0.29 1.84
 Riaz et al., 2015 [7] 0.80 0.77 0.82 1.84
 Anwar et al., 2016 [89] 0.38 0.29 0.47 1.8
 Sub-total Random pooled ES 0.33 0.21 0.46 25.66
Punjab, Islamabad
 Shah et al., 2002 [76] 0.15 0.12 0.19 1.83
 Shah et al., 2003 [77] 0.22 0.18 0.26 1.83
 Ali et al., 2004 [47] 0.45 0.42 0.49 1.84
 Mirza et al., 2006 [101] 0.07 0.02 0.16 1.74
 Mumtaz et al., 2007 [78] 0.33 0.20 0.48 1.71
 Ullah et al., 2009 [20] 0.27 0.23 0.32 1.83
 Khan et al., 2010 [79] 0.20 0.15 0.26 1.82
 Hussain et al., 2011 [45] 0.64 0.55 0.73 1.80
 Roshan et al., 2011 [80] 1.00 0.99 1.00 1.83
 Habeeb et al., 2013 [82] 0.47 0.40 0.55 1.81
 Hassan et al., 2011 [81] 0.64 0.54 0.73 1.78
 Begum et al., 2013 [48] 1.00 0.96 1.00 1.78
 Day et al., 2013 [69] 0.26 0.24 0.29 1.84
 Shafiq et al., 201 [18] 0.38 0.36 0.41 1.84
 Amin et al., 2013 [10] 0.88 0.82 0.92 1.82
 Khalid et al., 2013 [83] 0.44 0.41 0.48 1.84
 Habeeb et al., 2013 [82] 1.00 0.86 1.00 1.62
 Saboor et al., 2014 [84] 0.70 0.69 0.72 1.85
 Akram et al., 2014 [5] 0.54 0.47 0.60 1.82
 Khan et al., 2015 [14] 0.16 0.14 0.17 1.85
 Ahmed et al., 2016 [59] 0.36 0.33 0.38 1.84
 Ali et al., 2016 [47] 0.59 0.53 0.65 1.82
 Jamil et al., 2016 [88] 0.37 0.23 0.52 1.71
 Sub-total Random pooled ES 0.50 0.39 0.62 41.46
Khyber Pakhtunkhawa
 Ullah et al., 2009 [49] 0.19 0.15 0.24 1.83
 Mumtaz et al., 2010 [90] 0.09 0.08 0.10 1.85
 Ullah et al., 2010 [100] 0.59 0.48 0.69 1.78
 Bari et al., 2013 [21] 0.48 0.45 0.51 1.84
 Ilyas et al., 2014 [19] 0.26 0.20 0.32 1.82
 Iqbal et al., 2014 [91] 0.09 0.09 0.10 1.85
 Bari et al., 2014 [21] 0.43 0.40 0.46 1.84
 Rahman et al., 2016 [50] 0.44 0.39 0.50 1.83
 Ahmed et al., 2016 [59] 0.04 0.03 0.05 1.85
 Sub-totaRandom pooled ES 0.26 0.15 0.39 16.48
Sindh
 Jabeen et l., 2003 [92] 0.30 0.26 0.34 1.83
 Jabeen et l., 2005 [93] 0.40 0.38 0.42 1.85
 Ahmed et al., 2009 [94] 0.08 0.06 0.11 1.84
 Khan et al., 2010 [96] 1.00 0.94 1.00 1.75
 Jabeen et l., 2010 [95] 0.06 0.05 0.07 1.85
 Khan et al., 2010 [96] 0.32 0.31 0.32 1.85
 Afridi et al., 2011 [97] 0.04 0.04 0.05 1.85
 Hassan et al., 2011 [98] 0.54 0.44 0.64 1.78
 Afridi et al., 2012 [99] 1.00 0.98 1.00 1.81
 Sub-total Random pooled ES 0.43 0.27 0.60 16.4
Overall Random pooled ES 0.40 0.34 0.47 100.00