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Table 1 Distribution of isolates among clinical specimen, wards and diagnosis

From: Multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacterial infections in a teaching hospital in Ghana

  Isolates (N)
Acinetobacter spp E. coli Enterobacter spp K. pneumonia P. aeruginosa Serretia spp Sphingimonas spp Other* Total (%)
Specimen
 Asctic fluid 1 1 (0.5)
 Aspirate 2 1 1 4 (2.0)
 Blood 1 2 2 6 11 (5.5)
 Bronchial Lavage 1 1 (0.5)
 Ear Swab 1 1 1 1 2 6 (3.0)
 Gastric Lavage 1 1 2 4 (2.0)
 Nasal Swab 1 1 (0.5)
 Pleural Fluid 1 1 2 (1.0)
 Pus 3 1 1 5 (2.5)
 Sputum 3 3 3 8 3 2 2 24 (12.0)
 Urethral Swab 2 2 (1.0)
 Urine 6 35 5 23 12 4 4 5 94 (47.0)
 Wound Swab 4   6 16 3 16 45 (22.5)
WARD/DEPT
 A &E 1 2 2 2 1 1 1 10 (5.0)
 Child Health 1 12 3 11 3 1 8 39 (19.5)
 Medical ICU 2 14 6 10 21 5 4 16 78 (39.0)
 OBS &GYN 2 3 2 4 2 1 1 2 17 (8.5)
 OPD 2 12 1 9 5 1 3 6 39 (19.5)
 Surgery 6 2 6 3 17 (8.5)
Diagnosis
 Abscess 1 1 1 1 1 2 7 (3.5)
 Appendicitis 1 1 (0.5)
 Bacteremia 1 1 (0.5)
 Bronchitis 1 1 2 (1.0)
 Cellulitis 1 1 (0.5)
 Cirrhosis 1 1 2 (1.0)
 Cystitis 1 1 (0.5)
 Diabetic foot ulcer 1 1 4 1 3 10 (5.0)
 Gastroenteritis 4 1 5 (2.5)
 Nephritis 6 3 1 1 11 (5.5)
 Otitis 1 1 2 (1.0)
 Pericarditis 1 2 3 (1.5)
 Peritonitis 1 1 2 (1.0)
 Pneumoniae 1 2 1 4 (2.0)
 Prostitis 1 1 (0.5)
 RTI 1 1 2 1 5 (2.5)
 Sepsis 1 6 1 4 4 2 3 8 29 (14.5)
 Surg. site infection 1 4 4 1 10 (5.0)
 Tuberculosis 1 4 2 7 1 1 2 18 (9.0)
 UTI 7 24 4 17 9 2 6 69 (34.5)
 Ulcer 1 1 2 (1.0)
 Wound infection 1 4 7 12 (6.0)
Frequency (%) 8 (4.0) 49 (24.5) 12 (6.0) 38 (19.0) 39 (19.5) 8 (4.0) 10 (5.0) 36 (18.0) 200 (100)
  1. Abbreviation: A&E Accident and Emergency, OPD Out-Patient Department, OBS&GYN Obstetrics and Gynecology, Other* Other Gram-negative bacteria. The In-Patient Department comprises of A&E, Medical ICU, OBS&GYN and Surgical ward, −: Non-detected