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Table 2 Cross-correlation coefficients between antibiotic use and acute respiratory tract infections (2010-2015)

From: Temporal relationship between antibiotic use and respiratory virus activities in the Republic of Korea: a time-series analysis

Antibiotics Acute bronchitis Acute tonsillitis Acute upper respiratory infection Pneumonia
Tetracyclines 0.44
p = 0.66
0-month lag
0.11
p = 0.34
0-month lag
0.03
p = 0.97
−10-month lag
−0.01
p = 0.90
0-month lag
Penicillins 0.73
p < 0.01
0-month lag
0.69
p < 0.01
0-month lag
0.33
p < 0.01
0-month lag
0.36
p < 0.01
0-month lag
Other beta-lactam antibacterials 0.69
p < 0.01
0-month lag
0.68
p < 0.01
0-month lag
0.32
p < 0.01
0-month lag
0.25
p = 0.03
0-month lag
Macrolides 0.74
p < 0.01
0-month lag
0.59
p < 0.01
0-month lag
0.24
p = 0.04
0-month lag
0.53
p < 0.01
0-month lag
Aminoglycosides 0.14
p = 0.28
0-month lag
0.20
p = 0.09
−3-month lag
−0.04
p = 0.75
0-month lag
0.38
p < 0.01
0-month lag
Fluoroquinolones 0.45
p < 0.01
0-month lag
0.35
p < 0.01
0-month lag
0.31
p < 0.01
0-month lag
0.23
p = 0.05
0-month lag