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Table 2 Core themes and sub-themes emerged from the inductive data analyses

From: The social biography of antibiotic use in smallholder dairy farms in India

Sl. No. Domain Core themes Sub-themes
1 Community and Individual Self-treatment and peer learning Limited knowledge about antibiotics and their use
Self-treatment using veterinary antibiotics
Peer learning and self-treatment
2 Veterinary health system support Limited system support, outreach and oversight. Shortage of veterinary doctors
Laboratory support to diagnose diseases and make informed prescription
Support from extension services
Shortage of pharmacists
3 Policy and market scenario Limited regulatory framework on usage, market pressures and distribution of veterinary antibiotics Absence of regulation for veterinary antibiotics
Direct marketing of veterinary antibiotics to consumer
Compulsion of milking - Market demand and competition.