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Table 3 Frequency of antibiotic classes prescribed by setting and infection type (n = 735)

From: Comparing appropriateness of antibiotics for nursing home residents by setting of prescription initiation: a cross-sectional analysis

  Overall NH ED Clinic
n % n % n % n %
Lower Respiratory Tract Infection n = 195 n = 181 n = 7 n = 7
 Fluoroquinolones 68 34.9 60 33.2 5 71.4 3 42.9
 Macrolides and Lincosamides 66 33.9 65 35.9 1 14.3 0 0
 Penicillins and Beta-Lactamase 27 13.9 25 13.8 0 0 2 28.6
 Cephalosporins 24 12.3 22 12.2 1 14.3 1 14.3
 Tetracyclines 8 4.1 8 4.4 0 0 0 0
 Othera 2 1.0 1 0.6 0 0 1 14.3
Skin/Soft Tissue n = 175 n = 135 n = 12 n = 28
 Cephalosporins 108 61.7 87 64.4 8 66.7 13 46.4
 All Penicillins/Beta-Lactamase 26 14.9 19 14.1 3 25.0 4 14.3
 Fluoroquinolones 16 9.1 12 8.9 0 0 4 14.3
 Tetracyclines 11 6.3 8 5.9 0 0 3 10.7
 Macrolides and Lincosamides 8 4.6 4 3.0 0 0 4 14.2
 Otherb 6 3.4 5 3.7 1 8.3 0 0
Urinary Tract Infection n = 365 n = 324 n = 15 n = 26
 Fluoroquinolones 130 35.6 112 34.6 8 53.3 10 38.5
 Sulfonamides 78 21.4 73 22.5 1 6.7 4 15.4
 Nitrofurantoin 66 18.1 59 18.2 2 13.3 5 19.2
 Cephalosporins 58 15.9 50 15.4 3 20.0 5 19.2
 All Penicillins/Beta-Lactamase 27 7.4 24 7.4 1 6.7 2 7.7
 Otherc 6 1.6 6 1.9 0 0 0 0
  1. aSulfonamides
  2. bSulfonamides, Metronidazole, Carbapenems
  3. cTetracyclines, Metronidazole, Aminoglycosides, Fosfomycin