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Table 1 Demographical and clinical aspects of the patients operated in the pre-intervention and intervention phases of the study

From: Alcohol-based surgical hand preparation: translating scientific evidence into clinical practice

Patients characteristics Pre-intervention phase Intervention phase
Surgical scrub
(n = 132)
Alcohol-based surgical hand preparation
(n = 99)
Number Percent Number Percent
Sex
 Male 74 56.0 62 62.6
 Female 58 44.0 37 37.4
Age (years)a 53.7 (25.0–65.9) 46.9 (20. 4-63.5)
Surgical specialty
 Orthopedics 76 57.6 70 70.7
 Cardiac 56 42.4 29 29.3
Post-discharge follow-up 114 86.4 73 73.7
Duration of surgery (min)a 180 (122–263) 200 (130–255)
Duration of extracorporeal circulation (min)a (n = 41) 115 (80–140.5) 125 (95–155)
Preoperative length of stay (days)a 2 (1-8) 2 (1-4)
Body Mass Index – BMI 26.7 (23. 8-31.7) 27.2 (23. 2-30.5)
Technical complication during procedure 5 3.8 1 1
Urgent procedure 8 6 8 8.1
Chronic hepatopathy 2 1.5 5 5
Malignancy 10 7.6 5 5
Diabetes Mellitus 32 24.2 27 27.3
Use of immunosuppressive drug 5 3.8 2 2
Smoking 31 23.5 20 20.2
  1. aMedian (interquartile range)