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Table 4 Determination of ESBL and beta-lactamase gene type

From: Extended-spectrum β-lactamase prevalence and virulence factor characterization of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli responsible for acute diarrhea in Nepal from 2001 to 2016

  No. of Isolates with Gene(s) Detected (%)
Year No. of Isolates bla CTX-M-15 bla CTX-M-14 bla SHV-12 bla TEM-1 bla CMY-2 No Genes Detected Multiple Genes
2008 1 1 (100) 0 0 0 0 0 0
2013 8 8 (100) 0 1 (12.5) 6(75) 0 0 7 (87.5)
2014 10 8 (80) 1 (10) 1 (10) 4(40) 0 0 4 (40)
2016 21 15 (71.4) 0 6 (28.6) 6(28.6) 1 (4.8) 1 (4.8) 6 (23.8)
Total 40 32 (80) 1 (2.5) 8 (20) 15(37.5) 1 (2.5) 1 (2.5) 17 (42.5)