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Table 2 Antibiotics used on inpatients aged > 28 days to 15 years during the period January – December 2015

From: Antibiotic use on paediatric inpatients in a teaching hospital in the Gambia, a retrospective study

Antibiotic DoT DoT/1000PD (Total PD = 4045) Proportion of patients treated with the antibiotic (n = 917, %) Age
under 5 years n = 630, % 5 years and more n = 287, % P Value*
J01G aminoglycosides
 Gentamicin 664 164.2 133, 14.5% 121, 19.2% 12, 4.2% <  0.001
 Neomycin 33 8.2 5, 0.5% 5, 0.8% 0 0.154
 J01D cephalosporins       
 Cefriaxone 490 121.1 117, 12.8% 86, 13.7% 31, 10.8% 0.982
 Cefalexin 16 4.0 3, 0.3% 3, 0.5% 0 0.231
 Cefpodoxime 1 0.2 1, 0.1% 1, 0.2% 0 0.551
J01C Beta-lactam antibacterials, Penicillins
 Ampicillin 416 103.0 179, 19.5% 140, 22.2% 39, 13.6% 0.003
 Penicillin-G 416 103.0 92, 10.0% 64, 10.2% 28, 9.8% 0.077
 Cloxacillin 200 49.4 44, 4.8% 39, 6.2% 5, 1.7% 0.054
 Amoxicillin 150 37.1 31, 3.4% 21, 3.3% 10, 3.5% 0.847
 Amoxicillin-clavulanic 16 4.0 1, 0.1% 0 1, 0.3% 0.017
 Flucloxacillin 6 1.4 1, 0.1% 1, 0.2% 0 0.551
J01B Amphenicols
 Chloramphenicol 129 31.9 50, 5.5% 33, 5.2% 17, 5.9% 0.078
J01XD Imidazole derivatives
 Metronidazole 73 18.0 9, 1.0% 5, 0.8% 4, 1.4% 0.209
J01 M Quinolones
 Ciprofloxacin 35 8.7 10, 1.1% 3, 0.5% 7, 2.4% <  0.001
J01A Tetracyclines
 Tetracycline 26 6.4 1, 0.1% 0 1, 0.3% 0.093
J01XA glycopeptides
 Vancomycin 24 5.9 1, 0.1% 1, 0.2% 0 0.551
J01FA macrolides
 Erythromycin 7 1.7 3, 0.3% 2, 0.3% 1, 0.3% 0.398
J01E Sulfonamides and Trimethoprim
 Co-trimoxazole 6 1.4 1, 0.1% 1, 0.2% 0 0.551
J01XE Nitrofuran derivatives
 Nitorfurantoin 5 1.2 1, 0.1% 0 1, 0.3% 0.093
Total 2713 670.7
  1. *Chi-squared
  2. DoT: Days of Antibiotic-Therapy
  3. PD: Patient-Days