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Table 3 Antibiotic resistance pattern of H. pylori strains isolated from different types of raw milk samples

From: Phenotypic analysis of antibiotic resistance and genotypic study of the vacA, cagA, iceA, oipA and babA genotypes of the Helicobacter pylori strains isolated from raw milk

Type of raw milk samples (N of H. pylori strains) N (%) isolates resistant to each antibiotic
AM10a Met5 ER5 CLR2 AMX 10 Tet30 Lev5 S10 RIF30 Cef30 TRP25 FZL1 Spi100
Bovine (9) 8 (88.88) 6 (66.66) 4 (44.44) 4 (44.44) 7 (77.77) 7 (77.77) 3 (33.33) 2 (22.22) 3 (33.33) 2 (22.22) 3 (33.33) 2 (22.22) 3 (33.33)
Ovine (19) 18 (94.73) 16 (84.21) 14 (73.68) 13 (68.42) 17 (89.47) 18 (94.73) 12 (63.15) 7 (36.84) 10 (52.63) 4 (21.05) 10 (52.63) 3 (15.78) 3 (15.78)
Caprine (18) 14 (77.77) 12 (66.66) 9 (50) 8 (44.44) 13 (72.22) 13 (72.22) 6 (33.33) 4 (22.22) 5 (27.77) 2 (11.11) 5 (27.77) 3 (16.66) 3 (16.66)
Buffalo (14) 11 (78.57) 8 (57.14) 8 (57.14) 6 (42.85) 10 (71.42) 10 (71.42) 4 (28.57) 2 (14.28) 3 (21.42) 1 (7.14) 4 (28.57) 1 (7.14) 2 (14.28)
Camel (7) 4 (57.14) 2 (28.57) 1 (7.14) 1 (7.14) 3 (42.85) 3 (42.85) 1 (7.14) 1 (7.14) 1 (7.14) 1 (7.14)
Total (67) 55 (82.08) 44 (65.67) 36 (53.73) 32 (47.76) 50 (74.62) 51 (76.11) 26 (38.80) 16 (23.88) 22 (32.83) 9 (13.43) 23 (34.32) 9 (13.43) 11 (16.41)
  1. aAM10: ampicillin (10 μg), Met5: metronidazole (5 μg), ER5: erythromycin (5 μg), CLR2: clarithromycin (2 μg), AMX10: amoxicillin (10 μg), Tet30: tetracycline (30 μg), Lev5: levofloxacin (5 μg), S10: streptomycin (10 μg), RIF30: rifampin (30 μg), Cef30: cefsulodin (30 μg), TRP25: trimethoprim (25 μg), FZL1: furazolidone (1 μg) and Spi100: spiramycin (100 μg)