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Table 3 Univariable and multivariable analysis of predictors for hand hygiene compliance

From: Do wearable alcohol-based handrub dispensers increase hand hygiene compliance? - a mixed-methods study

  Baseline period Intervention period Univariable analysis Multivariable analysis
HH opportunities HH actions (%) HH opportunities HH actions (%) Odds ratio (CI95%) Odds ratio (CI95%)
Intervention period (vs. baseline period) 328 185 (56) 483 308 (64) 1.36 (1.02–1.81) 1.22 (0.89–1.66)
WHO HH moment
 Before touching patient 87 31 (36) 106 39 (37) 1 1
 Before aseptic procedure 21 12 (57) 47 37 (79) 4.53 (2.47–8.30) 3.10 (1.66–5.79)
 After body fluid exposure risk 38 27 (71) 59 47 (80) 5.65 (3.25–9.82) 4.49 (2.54–7.95)
 After touching patient 162 109 (67) 254 180 (71) 4.00 (2.79–5.73) 4.05 (2.80–5.86)
 After touching patient surroundings 20 6 (30) 17 5 (29) 0.74 (0.35–1.60) 0.61 (0.28–1.35)
Sex
 Female 206 125 (61) 360 245 (68) 1 1
 Male 122 60 (49) 123 63 (51) 0.53 (0.39–0.72) 0.72 (0.50–1.02)
Profession
 Physician 114 57 (50) 156 74 (47) 1 1
 Nurse 210 128 (61) 313 224 (72) 2.18 (1.62–2.95) 1.92 (1.34–2.76)
 Other 4 0 (0) 14 10 (71) 1.33 (0.51–3.46) 0.93 (0.34–2.51)
  1. Abbreviations: CI confidence interval, n.a. not applicable, HH hand hygiene