Skip to main content

Table 1 General characteristics of the reviewed studies

From: Value of hospital antimicrobial stewardship programs [ASPs]: a systematic review

Characteristic Number Percentage
Geography (N = 146)
 North America 72 49
 South America 5 3
 Europe 37 25
 Asia 20 14
 Africa 4 3
 Middle East 3 2
 Australia 4 3
 Multi-Region 1 1
Publication Year (N = 146)
 2000–2002 8 5
 2003–2005 14 10
 2006–2008 16 11
 2009–2011 11 8
 2012–2014 51 35
 2015–2017 46 32
Study Design (N = 146)
 ITS 16 11
 Quasi-experimental study 77 53
 Retrospective evaluation 11 8
 RCT 14 10
 Cost-analysis 10 7
 Cross-sectional survey 2 1
 Observational study 15 10
 Unclear 1 1
Number of Beds in Hospital (N = 146)
 < 150 13 9
 150–500 28 19
 500–1000 41 28
 > 1000 26 18
 Unclear 38 26
Number of Patients Included (N = 146)
 < 100 12 8
 100–250 20 14
 250–500 17 12
 500–1000 5 3
 1000–1500 8 5
 > 1500 21 14
 Unclear 63 43
  1. Abbreviations: ITS Interrupted time series, RCT Randomized controlled trials