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Table 1 Bacterial species involved in biofilm associated infection and their adherent surfaces

From: Antibiotics versus biofilm: an emerging battleground in microbial communities

S. No. Bacterial Species Infection/Diseases Surface References
1 Streptococcus mutans Dental caries
Endocarditis
Tooth surface
Vascular grafts
[1, 84]
2 Enterococcus faecalis Endocarditis
Root canal infection
Heart valves
Urinary catheters
Tooth
Central venous catheters
[85]
3 Klebsiella pneumonia Pneumonia
Respiratory tract infection
Urinary tract infection
Pyogenic liver abscess
Lungs
Liver
[24]
4 Pseudomonas aeruginosa Nosocomial infection
Otitis media
Cystic fibrosis
Central venous Catheters
Middle ear
Prostheses
Lungs
Contact lenses
[53, 139, 142]
5 Staphylococcus sp (Staphylococcus aureus; Staphylococcus epidermidis). Nosocomial infections
Chronic wounds
Endocarditis
Mucoloskeletal
Infections
Otitis media
Sutures
Central venous catheters
Arteriovenous shunts
Prostheses
Surfaces/deep skin
Prostheses, Heart valves
Bones, Middle ear
[6, 109]
7 Escherichia coli Bacterial prostatitis
Urinary tract infection
Otitis media
Prostheses, Urinary tract
Urinary catheters
Middle ear
[56]
8 Haemophilus influenza Otitis media Middle ear [113, 130]
9 Burkholderia cepacia Cystic fibrosis Lungs [152]
10 Mycobacterium tuberculosis Tuberculosis Lungs [110]