Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Skin assessment by external rater and study participants across different glycerol concentrations in WHO ethanol-based handrub formulation

From: Glycerol content within the WHO ethanol-based handrub formulation: balancing tolerability with antimicrobial efficacy

Ethanol-based handrub formulation Without glycerol Na (%) Glycerol 0.5% Na (%) Glycerol 0.75% Na (%) Glycerol 1.45% Na (%)
External rater evaluation
 No Redness 38 (95.0) 40 (100.0) 40 (100.0) 40 (100.0)
 No Scaling 28 (70.0) 40 (100.0) 38 (95.0) 39 (97.5)
 No Fissure 33 (82.5) 37 (92.5) 38 (95.0) 38 (95.0)
 Visual rating of the skin 15 (37.5) 30 (75.0) 25 (62.5) 27 (67.5)
Self-evaluation
 Good appearance 15 (37.5) 32 (80.0) 26 (65.0) 30 (75.0)
 Good integrity 34 (85.0) 37 (92.5) 38 (95.0) 37 (92.5)
 Good humidity 17 (42.5) 30 (75.0) 29 (72.5) 30 (75.0)
 Good sensation 35 (87.5) 38 (95.0) 39 (97.5) 38 (95.0)
 Good general integrity 23 (57.5) 32 (80.0) 32 (80.0) 32 (80.0)
  1. Footnote to the Table 2
  2. aExpress the number (N) and percentage of evaluation considered good for the assessment of the skin by the rater (rater evaluation) and the participants (self-evaluation of condition) according to the concentration of glycerol in the alcohol-based handrub formulation