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Table 1 Characteristics of patients (n = 545)

From: Treatment outcomes of drug-resistant tuberculosis in the Netherlands, 2005–2015

No Characteristics Frequency (%)
1 Socio-demographic
 Malea 295 (54.1)
 Age (years):
  18–24 106 (19.4)
  25–64 404 (74.1)
  65+ 35 (6.4)
 Country of birtha:
  Somalia 109 (20)
  The Netherlands 74 (13.6)
  Morocco 41 (7.5)
  Indonesia 28 (5.1)
  Others 293 (53.8)
 Rural domicileb 359 (65.9)
2 Current TB diagnosis
 Pulmonary diagnosis:
  ETB 191 (35)
  PTB 283 (51.9)
  ETB + PTB 71 (13)
 Type of TB location:
  Lungs 333 (61.1)
  Miliary and central nervous system TB 13 (2.4)
  Respiratory tract 38 (7)
  Intestinal tract 15 (2.8)
  Bone and joint 28 (5.1)
  Urogenital tract 9 (1.7)
  Other organ 109 (20)
 Diagnosed by doctors abroad 11 (2)
3 History of TB disease & treatment
 Previously diagnosed TBa 59 (10.8)
 Previously treated LTBIa 24 (4.4)
4  The risk group of TB
 TB contacts 29 (5.3)
 Immigrants 68 (12.5)
 Asylum seekers 87 (16)
 Illegal immigrants 14 (2.6)
 Homeless individual 15 (2.8)
 Alcohol dependence 8 (1.5)
 Substance abuse 18 (3.3)
 Health care workers 4 (0.7)
 Travelers from/in endemic areas for more than three month 19 (3.5)
 Prisoners 12 (2.2)
5 Comorbidities
Diabetes 18 (3.3)
 Malignancy 11 (2)
 Insufficient renal function or on dialysis 5 (0.9)
 Organ transplantation 2 (0.4)
  1. Information: amissing value: Gender 1 (0.2%), Country of birth 2 (0.4%), Newly diagnosed TB 53 (9.7%), previous LTBI treatment 58 (10.6%); bUrban domicile: Amsterdam, Rotterdam, the Hague and Utrecht; TB, tuberculosis; ETB, extra-pulmonary tuberculosis; PTB, pulmonary tuberculosis; LTBI, latent tuberculosis infection