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Table 1 Survey respondents’ characteristics

From: Cross-border comparison of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and AMR prevention measures: the healthcare workers’ perspective

Variable & levels Total All respondents Diff. DE/NL Physicians Diff. P DE/NL Nurses Diff. N DE/NL
n (%) DE
n (%)
NL
n (%)
Test
(P-value)
DE
n (%)
NL
n (%)
Test
(P-value)
DE
n (%)
NL
n (%)
Test
(P-value)
# n (%) 574 (100) 305 (53) 269 (47) 128 (22) 49 (9) 177 (31) 220 (38)
Sex Male 181 (32) 131 (43) 50 (19) Chi2 (≤0.001) 86 (67) 32 (65) Chi2 (0.812) 45 (25) 18 (8) Chi2 (≤0.001)
Female 393 (68) 174 (57) 219 (81) 42 (33) 17 (35) 132 (75) 202 (92)
Age < 25 years 30 (5) 20 (7) 11 (4) Chi2 (≤0.001) 0 (0) 0 (0) Fisher’s exact (≤0.001) 20 (11) 10 (5) Chi2 (0.002)
25–35 years 182 (32) 121 (40) 61 (23) 58 (45) 8 (16) 63 (36) 53 (24)
36–45 years 157 (27) 78 (26) 78 (29) 45 (35) 19 (39) 33 (19) 60 (27)
46–55 years 129 (22) 60 (20) 67 (25) 17 (13) 10 (20) 43 (24) 59 (27)
56–65 years 74 (13) 25 (8) 51 (19) 7 (5) 11 (22) 18 (10) 38 (17)
> 65 years 2 (0) 1 (0) 1 (0) 1 (1) 1 (2) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Hospital 1 (general) 223 (39) 223 (83) 41 (84) 182 (83)
2 (academic) 252 (44) 251 (82) 96 (75) 156 (88)
3 (academic) 46 (8) 46 (17) 8 (16) 38 (17)
4 (university) 23 (4) 23 (8) 11 (9) 12 (7)
5 (university) 13 (2) 14 (5) 9 (7) 4 (2)
6 (university) 12 (2) 12 (4) 8 (6) 4 (2)
Otherb 5 (1) 5 (2) 4 (3) 1 (1)
Departmentsa Anaesthesiology 80 (11) 72 (17) 8 (3) 34 (19) 5 (10) 38 (16) 3 (1)
Intensive Care 79 (11) 63 (15) 17 (6) 25 (14) 4 (2) 38 (16) 13 (5)
Paediatrics 77 (11) 42 (10) 35 (11) 14 (8) 1 (1) 28 (12) 34 (13)
Surgery 72 (10) 25 (6) 47 (15) 8 (4) 3 (2) 17 (7) 44 (17)
Obstetrics/Gynaecology 44 (6) 11 (3) 34 (11) 4 (2) 5 (3) 7 (3) 29 (11)
Internal medicine 36 (5) 20 (5) 16 (5) 15 (8) 1 (1) 5 (2) 15 (6)
Oncology 33 (5) 24 (6) 11 (4) 9 (5) 0 (0) 15 (6) 11 (4)
Orthopaedics 33 (5) 17 (4) 17 (6) 8 (4) 7 (4) 9 (4) 10 (4)
Emergency Department 30 (4) 17 (4) 13 (4) 9 (5) 3 (2) 8 (3) 10 (4)
Other 235 (33) 124 (30) 111 (36) 52 (29) 20 (11) 72 (30) 91 (35)
Hospital experience < 1 year 25 (4) 15 (5) 10 (4) Chi2 (≤0.001) 6 (5) 4 (8) Chi2 (0.333) 9 (5) 6 (3) Chi2 (0.005)
≥1 year, < 5 years 116 (20) 84 (28) 32 (12) 49 (38) 12 (24) 35 (20) 20 (9)
5–10 years 132 (23) 73 (24) 60 (22) 35 (27) 15 (31) 38 (21) 44 (20)
> 10 years 301 (52) 133 (44) 167 (62) 38 (30) 18 (37) 95 (54) 150 (68)
  1. Note. Differences between nationalities are calculated with Chi-square tests of homogeneity (Asymptotic Significance (2-sided) shown) or Fisher’s exact tests (Exact Sig. (2-sided) shown)
  2. aOnly departments with > 30 respondents in total (DE + NL) are shown. Respondents could select multiple departments (23% of the German and 9% of the Dutch HCW indicated to work at various departments)
  3. bSnowball-sampling included five respondents from two other hospitals, both located within the EUREGIO