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Table 3 Disinfecting wipes decontamination efficacy tests in literature

From: Efficacy of disinfectant-impregnated wipes used for surface disinfection in hospitals: a review

Test organism Textile substrate Active ingredient App. type Surfaces Contact time Test method Ref.
E. coli, P. aeruginosa, S. aureus, Streptococcus faecalis (a) Heavy-duty paper wipe; (b) Non-woven rayon; (c) Non-woven fabric sheet (a) 30% ethyl alcohol; (b) 10% ethyl alcohol and cetrimide; (c) Quaternary ammonium compounds (a,b) PIDW
(c) PSDW
Formica boards Until dry Swabbing techniques are superior to agar-impression methods [64]
Adenovirus 8 (1) Pad, (2) Gauze, (3) Pad (1) 70% isopropyl alcohol, (2) 3% hydrogen peroxide, (3) Iodophor PSDW Goldmann tonometer and pneumotonometer tips 5 s for wiping Quantitatively assayed for residual virus [40]
Meticillin-resistant (MRSA) or -susceptible (MSSA) S. aureus n.a Grapefruit extract PIDW Stainless steel discs 10 s rotation Three-step protocol [29]
Clostridium difficile CAWP Hypochloride, QACs PIDW Steel discs 10 s rotation Three-stage protocol [82]
S. aureus (ATCC 6538)
Acinetobacter baumannii (ATCC 19568)
CAWP H2O2, chloride and chloramine compounds; Sodium hypochlorite 1000 ppm, isopropanol; ethanol, quaternary ammonium compounds PIDW Discs (AISI Type 430; 1 cm in diameter and 0.7 mm thick) of magnetized and brushed stainless steel 10 s rotation ASTM Standard E2967–15 [83]
Mycobacterium avium Ready-to-use wipe Chlorine dioxide concentration in the activated wipe was 200 ppm. PIDW Sterile frosted glass 30 s and 1 min prEN 14,563 [25]
Coagulated blood test soil, Streptococcus pneumoniae 6CAWP Sodium hypochlorite, hydrogen peroxide, QACs, isopropanol PIDW Anesthesia machine surface n.a Residual protein debris by o-phthaldialdehyde analysis, bacterial survival by adenosine triphosphate measurement, measure of force required to remove the dried debris [2]
MRSA-positive hospitalized patients Disposable and nondisposable wipes (100% cotton) 1000 ppm hypochlorite PIDM PSDM Bed rails 5 mins Five-steps method (more information can be found in the article) [65]
E. coli, S. aureus, Bacillus thuringiensis spores, poliovirus 1 CAWP Quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs) PIDM Ceramic tile, laminate, and granite 10 mins Concentrations of transferred microorganisms on the fingers after the disinfectant wipe intervention [84]
S. aureus (ATCC 6538), Salmonella enterica (ATCC 10708), P.aeruginosa (ATCC 15442) Cotton and microfibre towels Quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs) PSDW Glass slides Less than 10 mins AOAC International method 961.02 Germicidal spray tests (GSTs) [85]
Campylobacter jejuni n.a n.a PIDW Ceramic tile, laminate and granite n.a Quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) [86]
  1. Note: E. coli Escherichia coli, S. aureus Staphylococcus aureus, P. aeruginosa Pseudomonas aeruginosa, CAWP commercially available wipe product, PIDM pre-impregnated disinfecting wipe (pre-wetted disinfecting wipe), PSDM pre-soaked disinfecting wipe (bucket method), n.a. Not available