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Table 3 Perception and attitude on knowledge and preparedness of antimicrobial use between DIT and MS groups

From: Perception, attitude, knowledge and learning style preference on challenges of antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial overuse among first year doctors in training and final year medical students

Perceptions and attitudes Mean Likert scale score (±SD) p-value Good perceptiona (%) p-value
DIT (N = 225) MS (N = 455) DIT (N = 225) MS (N = 455)
1. I have been adequately trained in the appropriate use of antimicrobials 3.12 ± 0.77 3.30 ± 0.77 0.005 32.0% 39.6% 0.06
2. I can access reliable sources for knowledge on antimicrobial use 3.48 ± 0.67 3.76 ± 0.72 < 0.001 53.8% 65.5% 0.003
3. I know which patient needs to be treated with antimicrobials 3.82 ± 0.55 3.90 ± 0.63 0.11 74.7% 75.4% 0.84
4. I can prescribe the appropriate antimicrobials to patients 3.47 ± 0.60 3.57 ± 0.64 0.06 48.4% 52.8% 0.29
5. We should prescribe antimicrobial agents to patients with symptoms of fever, cough, sore throat and runny noseb 2.03 ± 0.76 2.42 ± 0.93 < 0.001 75.1% 59.1% < 0.001
6. We should prescribe antimicrobial agents to patients with diarrhea and vomiting from food poisoningb 2.09 ± 0.84 2.44 ± 0.96 < 0.001 74.7% 56.7% < 0.001
7. I feel anxious when I have to prescribe antimicrobial agentsb 2.52 ± 0.74 2.99 ± 0.84 < 0.001 53.3% 28.6% < 0.001
8. I am aware of appropriate antimicrobial use in routine patient care 4.17 ± 0.67 4.19 ± 0.68 0.63 85.3% 86.2% 0.77
9. I know how to prevent and control spread of antimicrobial resistance
.
3.50 ± 0.65 3.75 ± 0.72 < 0.001 48.4% 64.8% < 0.001
10. I know when I have to wear a surgical mask for routine patient care 3.61 ± 0.60 4.02 ± 0.73 < 0.001 59.6% 77.4% < 0.001
  1. aGood perception was noted if a participant agreed or strongly agreed (scale 4–5) in a positive question or disagreed or strongly disagreed (scale 1–2) in a negative question
  2. bQuestions 5–7 are negative questions. All other questions are positive questions