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Table 4 Codes, frequencies by participant group, and inter-rater reliability

From: Attitudes about sickness presenteeism in medical training: is there a hidden curriculum?

Code Students Residents Faculty Kappa Score
# (%) # (%) # (%)
Transmission risk/Direct patient care responsibilities 21 (21.9) 10 (22.2) 17 (29.8) 0.853
Severity of illness 22 (22.9) 7 (15.6) 12 (21.1) 0.909
Creating more work for colleagues, including hassles related to coverage issues and letting “my team” down 5 (5.2) 7 (15.6) 10 (17.5) 0.794
Fever 9 (9.4) 7 (15.6) 4 (7.0) 0.938
Ability to perform work and make decisions well 11 (11.5) 1 (2.2) 5 (8.8) 0.932
How will calling in sick look to my superior 9 (9.4) 2 (4.4) 0 (0.0) 1.000
Obligation to work no matter what 1 (1.0) 5 (11.1) 0 (0.0) 0.600
Avoiding reprimand, disapproval or other negative repercussions 2 (2.1) 3 (6.7) 1 (1.8) 1.000
Vomiting 1 (1.0) 2 (4.4) 2 (3.5) 0.905
Diarrhea 1 (1.0) 1 (2.2) 2 (3.5) 1.000
Type of patient 3 (3.1) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.8) 0.853
Avoid having to make up work 4 (4.2) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0.796
Direct contact with/threat to other staff 1 (1.0) 0 (0.0) 2 (3.5) 0.796
Type of rotation 3 (3.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0.392
Ability to use precautions 1 (1.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.8) 1.000
Desire to go to work 1 (1.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1.000
Other 1 (1.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 1.000
Totals 96 (100.0) 45 (100.0) 57 (100.0)