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Table 4 Predictors of antibiotic prescribing

From: Prescribing practices using WHO prescribing indicators and factors associated with antibiotic prescribing in six community pharmacies in Asmara, Eritrea: a cross-sectional study

Variable Was Antibiotic Prescribed? Bivariate analysis
No n (%) Yes n (%) COR (95% CI) p-value*
Age     < 0.001
  < 15 65 (24.4) 138 (45.1) 2.68 (1.60–4.50) < 0.001
 15 to 64 153 (57.5) 130 (42.5) 1.07 (0.66–1.74) 0.775
 65 and above 48 (18) 38 (12.4) Ref.  
Gender
 Male 91 (32.5) 142 (45.1) 1.71 (1.22–2.38) 0.002
 Female 189 (67.5) 173 (54.9) Ref.  
No of medicines prescribed    0.025
 1 to 2 249 (88.3) 248 (78.0) Ref.  
 3 to 4 32 (11.3) 65 (20.4) 2.04 (1.29–3.23) 0.002
 5 or more 1 (0.4) 5 (1.6) 5.02 (0.58–43.28) 0.142
  1. COR Crude Odds Ratio, CI Confidence Interval, *p < 0.05 was considered significant
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