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Table 3 Factors associated with greater knowledge of antimicrobial resistance and infection control measures

From: Awareness among French healthcare workers of the transmission of multidrug resistant organisms: a large cross-sectional survey

Population-based variablesPopulation (n, %)Univariate analysis (OR (95% CI))Multivariate analysis (adjusted OR (95% CI))
KS < 4KS ≥ 4
Type of HCF
 - University hospitals / Cancer centres1385 (34)2630 (66)2.04 (1.83–2.28)1.41 (1.16–1.70)
 - Non-university hospitals978 (45)1209 (55)1.33 (1.18–1.51)0.99 (0.83–1.19)
 - Small, rehabilitation, nursing hospitals977 (52)908 (48)1.001.00
 - Private clinics259 (41)370 (59)1.54 (1.28–1.84)1.08 (0.84–1.39)
Gender
 - Male477 (32)1022 (68)1.63 (1.44–1.83)1.13 (0.97–1.29)
 - Female3064 (43)4039 (57)1.001.00
Age (years)
 - < 25511 (41)726 (59)1.001.00
 - 26–35853 (34)1634 (66)1.35 (1.17–1.55)1.43 (1.23–1.67)
 - 36–45747 (41)1066 (59)1.00 (0.87–1.16)1.20 (1.02–1.41)
 - 46–55764 (45)937 (55)0.86 (0.74–1.00)1.11 (0.94–1.31)
 - > 55291 (48)321 (52)0.78 (0.64–0.94)0.80 (0.64–1.00)
Professional status
 - Medical218 (17)1073 (83)4.12 (3.53–4.79)3.70 (3.09–4.44)
 - Non-medical3381 (46)4044 (54)1.01.0
Job tenure (years)
 - < 3469 (36)831 (64)1.00NA
 - 3–101070 (40)1628 (60)0.86 (0.7–1.0) 
 - > 101428 (41)2026 (59)0.80 (0.7–0.9) 
Working unit
 - Medicine1015 (37)1727 (63)1.001.00
 - Surgery617 (38)993 (62)0.95 (0.83–1.07)0.99 (0.86–1.15)
 - Intensive care unit227 (30)549 (71)1.42 (1.19–1.68)1.28 (1.06–1.55)
 - Rehabilitation, long-term care1273 (51)1218 (49)0.56 (0.50–0.62)0.81 (0.68–0.96)
 - Emergency138 (35)257 (65)1.09 (0.88–1.36)0.90 (0.70–1.16)
 - Gynaecology-Obstetrics54 (45)69 (56)0.75 (0.52–1.08)0.98 (0.66–1.45)
 - Psychiatry42 (44)54 (56)0.76 (0.50–1.13)0.91 (0.58–1.43)
 - Other77 (49)81 (51)0.62 (0.45–0.85)0.78 (0.55–1.11)
Previous training in hand hygiene (last 3 years)
 - No1172 (34)1597 (32)1.001.00
 - Yes2311 (66)3442 (68)1.09 (1.00–1.20)1.11 (0.98–1.24)
Previous training in control of antimicrobial resistance (last 3 years)
 - No2283 (69)3130 (64)1.001.00
 - Yes1001 (31)1786 (36)1.30 (1.18–1.43)1.31 (1.16–1.48)
  1. KS Knowledge score, OR Odds ratio, CI Confidence interval, NA Not applicable (numerous missing data)