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Table 1 Associations with ESBL-E colonisation

From: Colonisation with pathogenic drug-resistant bacteria and Clostridioides difficile among residents of residential care facilities in Cape Town, South Africa: a cross-sectional prevalence study

 Colonised (n = 27)Not colonised (n = 92)Prevalence ESBL-E (%)P-value
Facility
 Facility 115 (55.6)33 (35.9)31.20.109
 Facility 212 (44.4)53 (57.6)18.5 
 Facility 30 (0)6 (6.5)0 
Time in facility, months43.9 (22.9–65.2)40.7 (14.3–73.6)NA0.992
Frail care resident12 (44.4)26 (28.3)31.60.113
Any incontinence16 (59.3)31 (33.7)34.00.017
Hospital exposure in last 6 months10 (37.0)21 (22.8)32.30.139
Systemic antibiotic exposure last 3 months8 (29.6)18 (20.0)30.80.291
Previous positive culture from a clinical specimena7 (36.8)b20 (39.2)c25.90.856
Bedbound or chair-bound9 (33.3)17 (18.5)34.60.100
Katz score6 (2–6)6 (4–6)NA0.048
Dementia10 (37.0)20 (21.7)33.30.107
Charlson index score2, (1, 2)1, (1, 2)NA0.058
Currently using PPI8 (29.6)19 (70.4)19.60.090
  1. Data are median (IQR) or n (percent). PPI, proton pump inhibitor
  2. a. Includes microbiological evidence of S. aureus, Enterobacteriaceae, C. difficile
  3. b.n = 19
  4. c.n = 51