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Table 2 Assessments of the ABHR tolerability by an observer

From: Assessment of tolerability and acceptability of an alcohol-based hand rub according to a WHO protocol and using apparatus tests

ItemSkin condition scoreVisit 1Visit 2Visit 3
Redness N (%)N (%)N (%)
No redness (0)86 (68.3)96 (76.2)96 (76.2)
Slight redness or blotchy (1)36 (28.6)26 (20.6)26 (20.6)
Moderate redness (2)2 (1.6)2 (1.6)2 (1.6)
Strong redness (3)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
Fiery red with edema (4)2 (1.6)2 (1.6)2 (1.6)
Proportion with score < 2*122 (96.8)122 (96.8)122 (96.8)
Scaliness    
No scales (0)93 (73.8)103 (81.7)103 (81.7)
Very slight sporadic scales (1)30 (23.8)19 (15.1)19 (15.1)
Moderate scales (2)3 (2.4)4 (3.2)4 (3.2)
Considerable scales (3)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
Proportion with score < 2*123 (97.6)122 (96.8)122 (96.8)
FissuresN   
No fissures (0)84 (66.7)95 (75.4)97 (77.0)
Very fine fissures (1)39 (31.0)29 (23.0)26 (20.6)
Broad sporadic or several fissures (2)2 (1.6)2 (1.6)2 (1.6)
Widespread cracks with hemorrhage or exudate (3)1 (0.8)0 (0.0)1 (0.8)
Proportion with score < 2*123 (97.7)124 (98.4)123 (97.6)
Global scoreN   
No dry skin or irritations (0)105 (83.3)104 (83.2)107 (84.9)
Incidental dry skin (1)18 (14.3)17 (13.6)15 (11.9)
Dry skin and/or redness (2)1 (0.8)2 (1.6)3 (2.4)
Very dry whitish rough skin (3)2 (1.6)1 (0.8)1 (0.8)
Chapped skin without hemorrhage or exudate (4)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)0 (0.0)
Widespread fissures with hemorrhage or exudate (5)0 (0.0)1 (0.8)0 (0.0)
Proportion with score < 2*123 (97.6)121 (96.8)122 (96.8)
  1. * WHO criterion for tolerability