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Table 1 Antimicrobial stewardship programs strategies and settings (2007–2018)

From: Implementation and impact of pediatric antimicrobial stewardship programs: a systematic scoping review

  Audit and feedback Guidelines Physician Education Pre-Authorization Parents Education CDS tool CP Other
ED (15)   5 4     3 3
 France   1 1     1  
 Italy    1     1  
 Netherlands   1       
 Switzerland         1
 USA   3 1     1 2
 Spain    1      
ED + Pediatric ward (4)    1     3  
 Italy    1     1  
 USA        2  
Hospital (all wards) (62) 23 11 4 10     14
 Bangladesh    1      
 Canada   2 1      1
 China 1    1     1
 Germany 2        
 Greece   1       
 Italy   1 1      3
 Japan 2    3     
 Pakistan   1       
 Singapore 1        
 South Korea     1     
 USA 17 6 1 5     9
Hospital (all wards), ED and PICU excluded (1)     1     
 USA     1     
Hospital (all wards), PICU excluded (3)    1     1 1
 Argentina    1     1 1
Hospital (one ward) (3)   1 1      1
 Bangladesh   1 1      1
Hospital (two wards) (1)   1       
 Russia   1       
NICU (18) 4 3 2    2   7
 France   1       
 India         1
 Ireland 1   1      1
 Netherlands 1        
 Philippines         1
 USA 2 2 1    2   4
NICU + Hospital nursery (1)         1
 Netherlands         1
NICU + PICU (2)         2
 Switzerland         1
 UK         1
Oncology ward (3) 1 1       1
 UK   1       1
 USA 1        
Outpatient (43) 10 6 9   5 4   9
 Argentina         1
 Bangladesh         1
 Benin 1 1       1
 Cyprus    1   1    
 Czech Republic 1   1      
 Israel 1   1   1    
 Italy 1 2       2
 Saudi Arabia 1   1      
 Switzerland   1       
 UK    1      1
 USA 4 1 3   3 4   3
 Spain 1 1 1      
Outpatient + ED (1)    1      
 Italy    1      
Outpatient + Hospital (8) 2 2 2   2    
 China 2 2 2   2    
PICU (5) 1 1 1      2
 China   1 1      1
 Pakistan 1        
 UK         1
PICU + Pediatric wards (2)   1       1
 Indonesia   1       1
Grand Total 41 32 26 11 7 6 7 42
  1. Entries in boldface represent total sum of ASP strategies according to setting (eg. ED/Guidelines = 5 it is the sum of France (1), Netherlands (1) and USA (3))