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Table 1 Meta-analysis estimating the average proportion (in %) of each pathogen involved in the studies included and by continent

From: Bacterial pathogens and resistance causing community acquired paediatric bloodstream infections in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis

PathogensOverall (n = 17)Africa (n = 11)Asia (n = 6)
Proportion (RE model)95% CII2 (%)p valueProportion (RE model)95% CII2 (%)p valueProportion (RE model)95% CII2 (%)p value
E. coli8.85.3–12.994.71.8E-5510.75.8–16.795.91.6E-435.52.4–9.783.10.001
non typhoidal Salmonella6.52.1–12.898.12.0E-2149.83.1–19.498.43.0E-1382.10.0–8.194.99.7E-21
S. Typhi6.10.3–17.599.38.4E-2780.50.0–1.273.40.000226.20.8–68.599.51.1E-206
Klebsiella sp.3.31.0–6.996.38.5E-1001.80.2–4.694.53.2E-116.60.8–16.696.12.0E-44
Unspecified Salmonella2.60.2–6.797.71.8E-1242.30.0–7.697.99.1E-222.90.0–12.397.03.1E-67
H. influenzae2.30.8–4.693.46.0E-712.80.6–6.295.16.5E-551.50.0–4.485.06.7E-06
Pseudomonas sp.1.80.8–3.285.01.9E-170.900.3–1.870.83.5E-053.91.4–7.582.86.1E-06
Acinetobacter sp.1.00.4–2.079.32.2E-141.00.2–2.282.27.9E-121.10.1–3.072.70.0001
Enterobacter sp.0.50.3–1.051.80.0070.50.1–1.162.70.0010.70.2–1.516.60.54
N. meningitidis0.30.0–0.647.80.0070.20.0–0.646.30.0320.60.0–2.066.60.02
other GNB8.94.1–15.397.64.3E-11410.54.2–19.097.96.6E-806.40.5–17.596.78.2E-38
all GNB63.952.2–74.998.56.5E-14754.845.1–64.496.81.5E-2479.056.7–94.898.39.7E-55
S. aureus13.87.7–21.297.77.3E-14317.88.7–29.298.39.3E-1347.73.3–13.689.03.2E-07
S. pneumoniae12.66.3–20.798.11.8E-17516.88.5–27.398.12.2E-846.30.3–17.997.02.3E-30
other Streptococcus1.20.3–2.487.11.7E-181.00.2–2.282.74.4E-111.60.0–5.289.68.9E-10
Group A Streptococcus0.70.2–1.471.51.2E-080.70.1–1.674.52.7E-070.70.0–2.166.10.01
Enterococcus sp.0.30.0–0.866.90.00040.010.0–0.220.20.0150.70.0–2.474.30.006
other GPB1.40.4–2.989.69.2E-211.60.2–4.093.21.1E-191.130.1–3.072.20.002
all GPB35.824.9–47.598.43.8E-14645.1835.6–55.096.81.5E-2420.45.2–41.998.22.7E-52
other species0.10–0.326.00.09700.0–0.060.00.460.480.0–1.554.00.06
  1. Abbreviations: RE random effect; 95%CI, 95% confidence interval; GNB Gram negative bacteria, GPB Gram positive bacteria