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Table 3 Annual ABHR consumption and HHSAF score in each year

From: The effect of a 5-year hand hygiene initiative based on the WHO multimodal hand hygiene improvement strategy: an interrupted time-series study

  Intervention Year Annual ABHR Consumption (L/1000 PDs) HHSAF Score (/500)
Pre-implementation Year −3 (Apr-11 to Mar-12) 4.4 117.5
Year −2 (Apr-12 to Mar-13) 4.0 117.5
Year −1 (Apr-13 to Mar-14) 4.2 117.5
Implementation Year 1 (Apr-14 to Mar-15) 10.4 267.5
Year 2 (Apr-15 to Mar-16) 17.7 310.0
Year 3 (Apr-16 to Mar-17) 22.9 380.0
Year 4 (Apr-17 to Mar-18) 29.6 410.0
Year 5 (Apr-11 to Mar-19) 34.4 445.0
  1. ABHR alcohol-based hand rub, HHSAF Hand Hygiene Self-Assessment Framework, PD patient day