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Table 3 Proportion of travelers who acquired a resistant microorganism after international travel

From: Acquisition of multidrug-resistant Enterobacterales during international travel: a systematic review of clinical and microbiological characteristics and meta-analyses of risk factors

  1. Abbreviations: NR Not reported; CPE Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales; MDR-E Multidrug-resistant Enterobacterales
  2. Colors: (i) 0–20%, low, green; (ii) 21–40%, moderate, yellow; (iii) 41–60%, high, orange; (iv) 61–80%, very high, red; (v) 81–100%, extremely high, dark red.
  3. a Only noted for studies that used methods to be able to identify CPE as described in Table 2.
  4. b Travelers who visited several regions are arranged to the region in which they spend the most time.
  5. c Travelers who visited several regions are arranged to all of the visited regions.
  6. d 42 travelers visited several countries in Asia and may therefore be arranged in several columns in the table; 28 of them acquired a MDR-E.
  7. e Carriage rates after travel from travelers to Southern-Asia (CPE: 3 out of 17, ESBL: 13 out of 17), Asia except Southern Asia (CPE: 1 out of 29, ESBL: 17 out of 29), Northern Africa (ESBL: 3 out of 3) and Sub-Saharan Africa (ESBL: 9 out of 27) were received from the corresponding author.
  8. f Not including CPE. It was not possible to report ESBL-E separate from MDR-E.